234 terms

MT Unit 9 & 2 Terms: Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems & Suffixes

12-13
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a-
without, not
aden/o
gland
AIDS
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
antibiotic
pertaining to against life
antipyretic
against fever
aplasia
without growth
aplastic
failure of a tissue or organ to develop or grow normally
Aut/o
Self
autoimmunity
self immunity (body does not recognize "self" from "nonself")
bacteriocide
to kill bacteria
bacteriophage
to eat bacteria
bi/o
life
blast/o
embryonic cell
CBC
complete blood count (of different types of blood cells)
CBC
Complete blood count
chrom/o
color
edematous
pertaining to swelling
erythr/o
red
erythropoeisis
production of red blood cells
exsanguination
uncontrollable bleeding
ferr-
iron
ferrous
pertaining to iron
fibrinogen
producing fibers
fibrinolysis
destruction of fibers
fibroblast
fiber forming
Hb, Hgb
Hemoglobin
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
hematocrit (Hct)
measurement of the % of packed RBCs in a whole blood sample
hematocytoblast
blood developing cell
hematoma
localized accumulation of blood
hemolysis
destruction of RBCs
hemophilia
pertaining to an affinity or love of blood (clotting disorder)
hemopoiesis
production of blood cells
hemostasis
termination of bleeding
hypernatremia
high levels of sodium in blood
immun/o
immune, immunity, safe
immunity
pertaining to immunity or protection
immunologist
one who specializes in the study of immunity (diseases)
iso-
same, equal
kary/o
nucleus
kin/o
movement
kinetic-
motion
leuk/o
white
leukemia
any of several types of malignancy that affect white blood cells
leukopenia
deficiency of white
leukorrhea
white discharge
lymph/o
lymph
lymphadenitis
inflammation of a lymph gland
lymphadenogram
x-ray of a lymph gland or node
Lymphadenography
X-ray of lymph nodes after injection of a contrast medium
lymphadenopathy
any diseases of the lymph nodes
Lymphangiography
X-ray of lymph nodes after injection of a contrast medium in lymph vessels
lymphocyte
lymph cell (a type of wbc)
lymphokinetic
circulation or movement of lymph
lymphoma
tumor of the lymph
lymphotoxin
a poison produced by lymphatic cells
macro-
large
macrophage
large eating cell
mega-
large
megakaryocyte
large nucleated cell (forms platelets)
micro-
small
mL, ml
Milliliters
mono-
one
monocyte
refers to one cell (type of wbc)
morph/o
form, shape, structure
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal chord
natri-
sodium
phag/o
swallowing, eating
phagocyte
cell that surrounds, engulfs, and digests microorganisms and cellular debris
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
plasmapheresis
removing plasma
poly-
many, much
polycythemia
blood condition; overproduction of blood cells
proerythroblast
developing red blood cell
pyr/o
fire, fever
RBC, rbc
Red blood cell, red blood cell count
reticul/o
net, mesh
reticulocyte
immature erythrocyte
sanguin/o
blood
septicemia
existence and persistence of microorganisms or their toxins in the blood
ser/o
serum
splen/o
spleen
splenectomy
removal of the spleen
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen
splenopexy
surgical fixation of the spleen
thromb/o
blood clot
thrombocyte
clotting cell (platelet)
thrombocytopenia
deficiency of clotting cells
thrombophlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot
thromboplastin
pertaining to forming a clot
thrombosis
condition of a clot/clots/clotting
thym/o
thymus gland
thymolytic
destruction of thymus tissue
tonsillectomy
removal of the tonsils
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
WBC, wbc
White blood cell, white blood count
-blast
embryonic cell
-crit
To separate
-emia
blood condition
-ity
condition of
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with white blood cells)
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-phage
eating
-phil
attraction for
-poiesis
formation, production
-stasis
standing still
-able
capable
-ac
pertaining to, relating to
-al
pertaining to, relating to
-algia
pain
-apheresis
removal
-ar
pertaining to, relating to
-ary
pertaining to, relating to
-ase
Referring to an enzyme
-asis, -asia
State or condition of
-atresia
Absence of a normal opening, occlusion
-cele
hernia, swelling
-centesis
surgical puncture
-clasis
to break; surgical fracture
-clysis
Washing
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-duction
Movement
-dynia
pain
-eal
pertaining to, relating to
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-ectomy
excision, removal
-edema
swelling
-emesis
vomiting
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
-esis
condition
-ferent
Carry
-ferous
Producing
-fuge
Separating; driving away, expelling
-gen
forming, producing, origin
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-genous
Kind, type
-gram
Record, writing
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-ia
condition
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
-iatric
Medical profession, physician
-ic
pertaining to, relating to
-ical
pertaining to, relating to
-ician
specialist
-ictal
Seizure, attack
-id
Form or shape
-ile
pertaining to, relating to
is
Pertaining to
-ism
condition
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-lith
stone, calculus
-ogy
study of
-lysis
separation, destruction, loosening
-malacia
softening
-megaly
Enlargement
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
act of measuring
-o/stomy
Creation of an artificial opening
-oma
Tumor
-opsy
To view
-osis
Abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-ous
pertaining to, relating to
-pathy
Disease
-penia
Decrease; deficiency
-phagia
Eating, swallowing
-phasia
Speech
-phobia
Fear
-plasia
Formation, growth
-plasm
Formation , growth
-plasty
Surgical repair
-plegia
Paralysis
-plexy
Fixation ( of an organ)
-rrhagia
Bursting of
-rrhaphy
Suture
-rrhea
Discharge, flow
-rrhexis
Rupture
-scope
instrument for examining
-scopy
visual examination
-sis
State of; condition
-spasm
Involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
Narrowing, stricture
-stomy
Forming an opening (mouth)
-tic
pertaining to, relating to
-tome
Instrument to cut
-tomy
Incision
-toxic
Poison
-tripsy
Crushing
-trophic
Nutrition or development
-trophy
Nourishment, development
-um
Pertaining to
-y
condition; process
acoustic
pertaining to hearing
anemia
blood condition caused by iron deficiency or decrease in red blood cells
Aphasia
Absence or impairment of speech
appendectomy
excision (removal) of the appendix
Arteriorrhexis
Rupture of an artery
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of a joint
arthrodesis
binding together of a joint
Blepharospasm
Twitching of the eyelid
carcinogen
substance or agent that causes the development or increases the incidence of cancer
carcinogenesis
the process of initiating and promoting cancer
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
Cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart
cholelithiasis
presence or formation of gallstones in the gall bladder or common bile duct
chondromalacia
softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella
cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
Cyanosis
Dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
Diarrhea
Abnormally frequent discharge or flow of fluid fecal matter from the bowel
diuresis
abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine
Dystrophy
abnormal condition caused by defective nutrition or metabolism
Electrocardiogram
Graphic recording of the electrical activity of the heart
enchephal/o
brain
endoscopy
visual examination of a cavity or canal using an endoscope
gastr/o
stomach
hemat/o
blood
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
hematologist
physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders of blood and blood-forming tissues
hematology
study of blood
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body
Hemorrhage
Loss of a large amount of blood within a short period, either externally or internally
hyperthyroidism
condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland
Lithotripsy
Crushing of a stone
lympedema
swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid
Mastoplexy
Surgical fixation of the breasts
neuralgia
pain occurring along a path of a nerve
osteoarthritis
inflammation of bone and joint
Rhinoplasty
Surgical repair in which the structure of the nose is changed
thrombolysis
dissolution of a blood clot
Tracheotomy
Incision through the neck into the trachea