World History Chap 2
Terms in this set (37)
Impressive stepped pyramids in Mesopotamia that were temples to local deities
Sumerian writing that used graphic symbols to represent sounds, syllables, and physical objects and stuff. It was written in clay tablets
Epic of Gilgamesh
Stories that explore themes of friendship, loyalty, death, and immortality; and that reflect the interests of early complex societies in Mesopotamia.
"law of retaliation" where punishments would resemble the violations. This principle was used in Hammurabi's law code.
The dominant people of Mesopotamia 3,000 BCE ish. They had about a dozen city states that dominated the public stuff, with palaces, defensive walls, and ziggurats. Their irrigation systems were also important to their productive society.
Peoples in northern Mesopotamia who dominated until 1,600 BCE ish. Their empire became super super super rich so like Mr. English spent an entire block on how rich they were. Hammurabi was a major conquerer.
people who gained power after the fall of the Babylonian empire and had a relentless army. Their laws were very similar to the code of Hammurabi and preserved a lot of literature. Their kings were often very violent and unfair.
People who lived in the coastal plains between the Mediterranean and the Lebanon mountains. They referred to themselves Canaanites. They were organized into independent city-states ruled by local kings. 1,200-800 BCE they had very good ships and dominated Mediterranean trade. They also first used the alphabet that was later used by the greeks.
Important ancient Indo-European migrants in Anatolia who had a close relationship and commonly traded with Mesopotamians. They are important for their horse chariots and iron weapons, and were able to conquer the Babylonian empire.
Sargon of Akkad
gave himself the name "true and lawful king" because he wasn't actually a true or lawful king. He overthrew the real king and then created the first empire in Mesopotamia and controlled most of the Tigris Euphrates valley
Babylonian conquerer famous for his law code featuring lex talionis. He improved a lot of Sargon's laws and ruling techniques. He wasn't a very nice ruler, and so people regularly tried to overthrow him but failed. He had to create his law code because the city states he had conquered were so diverse that he needed to standardize laws.
Babylonian king who brought Babylon back to power for a short time after the fall of the Assyrians. He lavished wealth in the capital city so I guess it was still hella rich or some shit
Assyrian king who maintained a library of Mesopotamian literary shit and administrative records. Gave himself the title "king of the universe." Built a magnificent palace at Ninevah, 668-628 BCE.
money money money money money; located near modern day Baghdad. The city was so rich that they grinder up lapis lazuli to make paste, and used it to decorate the outside of the wall.
early group of people who lived in lands between Mesopotamia and Egypt. They develops the religion of Judaism. Moses was the leader and developed the belief in one God Yahweh.
Exiles he returned to Jediah after the Babylonian conquest upon brochure and they built a distinctive religious community based on the devotion to Yahweh and the teaching of the Torah
Branch of Hebrews who in 1300 B.C.E. left the leadership of Moses and went to Palestine. organized into a loose federation of 12 tribes and fought with the Palestinians and carved out of territory for themselves between Syria and the Sinai peninsula. they also build the capital city of Jerusalem
The belief that there is only one God
The belief and worship of many gods
Sargon of Akkad (again)
(2370-2315) creator of empire in Mesopotamia. By controlling and taxing trade, he was able to maintain his military power and transform his capital city of Akkad into the wealthiest and most powerful city in the world.
Hebrew patriarch and founder of the Judaism religion
2nd greatest king of the Israelites; he United the tribes into a single nation (1000-970 BCE)
Son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom 970-930 B.C.E.
Kingdom (region) where the exiles from the Babylonian conquest settled and became known as Jews. They built a distinctive religious community based on their devotion to Yaweh and the teachings of the Torah.
The Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt around 1300 B.C.E. to Palaside they organized into 12 tribes known as the Israelites and carved out of territory for themselves
Elaborate and cosmopolitan city built by the Israelites
The eastern of the two main rivers in Mesopotamia
The western of the two main rivers in Mesopotamia
The peninsula between the Mediterranean and Black Sea that is now occupied by most of Turkey also called Asia minor
Major Phoenician city that dominated southern Phoenicia. Ruled by a local king.
An early city state in Mesopotamia that was the rival if Uruk
Major ancient kingdom eastern empire located in Mesopotamia which dominated Israel and the entire region with military power and organized government until 1612 BCE, when internal unrest and external assault brought them down.
Term meaning "land between the rivers" in this case the fertile valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers Sumer and Akkad are two of the earliest societies.
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of that Amorite king Hammurabi probably in the 18th century B.C.E. and king Nebuchadnezzar by 600 B.C.E.
A Sumerian city that along with others dominated public affairs in Mesopotamia 3200 to 2350 B.C.E.
Empire west of Israel usually known to be a long and Nile river
Ancient Mesopotamian city that is this is the suppose it home of the fabled Gilgamesh
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