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AP Psychology Unit 13: Treatment
Terms in this set (38)
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth.
Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system.
In psychotherapy, drawing ideas from two or more systems of therapy instead of committing to just one system.
In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
the patient's transfer to the analyst(Therapist/doctor) of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).
Therapy that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight. An example a method for this kind of therapy is that the therapist asks the patient lie down and say whatever comes to mind. The psychologist will analyze these thoughts to help overcome their issues.
Therapy that aims to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses. In comparison to Psychodynamic therapy, they explore feelings as they occur, rather than achieving insights into the childhood origins of the feelings.
a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.
Treat anxiety by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
Which expose people to what they normally avoid, in order to help them not recognize the emotional trigger they feel for that thing. They associate something they like with the thing they avoid.Jones plans to replace Peter's fear of rabbits with a conditioned response incompatible with fear. Her strategy is to associate the fear-evoking rabbit with the pleasurable, relaxed response associated with eating.As Peter begins his midafternoon snack, Jones introduces a caged rabbit on the other side of the huge room. Peter, eagerly munching away on his crackers and drinking his milk, hardly notices. On succeeding days, she gradually moves the rabbit closer and closer. Within two months, Peter is tolerating the rabbit in his lap, even stroking it while he eats. Moreover, his fear of other furry objects subsides as well, having been countered, or replaced, by a relaxed state that cannot coexist with fear
A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol).
Reinforcing desired behaviors, and withholding reinforcement or enacting punishment for undesired behaviors. Socially withdrawn children with autism have learned to interact by using this method. A reinforcement that may be used is tokens. Resresentented as the term token economy-an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
Irrational thought that makes something seem far worse than it actually is.
Thoughts about bad things, rumination.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
A popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior).A person with a fear of social situations, for example, might learn new ways of thinking, but also practice approaching people.
Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members. A child's rebellion, for example, affects and is affected by other family tensions.
A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies. For example you can study the affects of treated people compared to untreated people.
Regression toward the mean
The tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average. Students who score much lower or higher on a test than they usually do are likely, when retested, to return toward their average.
LET(Light Exposure Therapy)
Used to counteract SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). It's when people are blasted with an intense light.
An antipsychotic,(sold as Thorazine), dampened responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli. Thus, they provided the most help to patients experiencing positive symptoms of schizophrenia, such as auditory hallucinations and paranoia.
Newer atypical antipsychotics, such as clozapine (marketed since 1989 as Clozaril), target both dopamine and serotonin receptors. This helps alleviate negative symptoms, sometimes enabling "awakenings" in these individuals. Atypical antipsychotics may also help those who have positive symptoms but have not responded to other drugs.
Reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response. (after a pause)
ACT(assertive community treatment)
Serve outpatients to keep them functional. Consists of family, friends and professionals.
rTMS(repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation)
When repeated pulses of magnetic energy are applied to the brain in order change brain activity.
Stimulation to the cortex area that connects frontal lobes to the limbic system can help with depressed or temporarily sad people.
A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.
therapeutic lifestyle change
A lifestyle change that makes people healthier (mentally/physically).
Therapist listens nonjudgmentally to the client without directing them to insights or anything.
Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy.
In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.
A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.)
Unconditional positive regard
A caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance.
Virtual reality exposure therapy
An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
Clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors.
The personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma.
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