BT Final Exam
Terms in this set (49)
Removal of the foreskin. This is a sign of membership in the Mosaic covenant.
Edict of Claudius
Edict in 49 by which the emperor Claudius expelled the Jews from the city of Rome because of problems arising about "Chrestus." Most New Testament scholars think this is a misspelling of Christ, so that the trouble arose in the Jewish community because of its debates about Jesus.
A term used for the Lord's Supper that emphasizes that the participants are sharing the meal with one another, Christ, and God.
An experience during which a person thinks she or he is being controlled by another being.
Being chosen. In the Hebrew Bible, the Israelites are God's chosen people. New Testament writers also attach this designation to those who come to belief in Christ, in addition to those int he Mosaic covenant.
From the Greek word that means thanksgiving, this word comes to designate the Lord's supper in post-New Testament times.
One of the leaders of the church in Philippi. Her dispute with Syntyche was one of the reasons Pau wrote the ltter to the Philippians. Paul's mention of her and Syntyche provides clear evidence that women were among the leaders in Paul's churches.
A legal term that Paul uses to refer to the forgiveness of sins believers receive through Christ.
Written form of communication intended to address the specific people named and usually to engage them personally and specifically.
A formal letter intended to be read by a public audience.
Ritual meal in the early church that commemorated and interpreted the death of Jesus. The Synoptic Gospels give an account of Jesus instituting this meal and remembrance of the night of his arrest.
Slave of Philemon whom Paul sent back to his master. Paul's letter to Philemon gives instructions about the treatment of Onesimus.
Second coming of Christ at the end of things as the world knows them.
Unjust opposition experienced because of one's beliefs or identity.
Owner of Onesimus and primary addressee of one of Paul's letters.
A relational term that Paul uses to speak of the peace between believers and God that Christ effects. In other Pauline and New Testament contexts it can refer to the forced surrender of powers that are opposed to God.
A transaction in which persons or things are exhcanged for some kind of payment. This includes buying slaves out of slavery. In the bible, it is used as a metaphor for national or personal salvation.
Speaking in Tongues
A phenomenon in which the participants believe they are enon in which the participants believe they are taken over by the spirit of their god so that they say things they do not understand in languages they do not know. It is a kind of mystical experience that people in many religions experience. The early church saw this experience as evidence that the Holy Spirit had come into a person.
One of the leaders of the church in Philippi. Her dispute with Euodia was one of the reasons Paul wrote the letter to the Philippians.
Worship that the angels offer to God in heaven.
The first initiation ritual for the early church. In the 1st century, it involved the immersion of the person in water. It was patterned on other ritual washings, particularly within Judaism. The church interpreted the act of immersion as a reenactment of the burial and resurrection of Christ, which symbolically also brought new life to the baptized person.
Body of Christ
A metaphor for the church that indicates the close relationship among members (because they are members of the same body) and that the church in the presence of Christ in the world. In early usage, it was applied only to individual congregation; as time passed, the image enlarged so that the church worldwide was identified as the one cosmic body of Christ.
The state of readiness to enter the presence of God. Its opposite is being unclean.
Day of the Lord
Originally it was a phrase prophets used to speak of the time when God would act on the behalf of the Israelites to bring them victory. Later prophets reverse its meaning to warn of the time when God would act against Israel and Judah because of their unfaithfulness to God. In the New Testament, it refers to the second coming or Parousia of Christ.
The writings in the New Testament that claim to be written by Paul, but that most scholars believe were written by someone else after his death. Those most likely to fall into this category are Ephisians, 1 and 2 Timothy, and Titus. Many scholars also think that Colossians and 2 Thessalonians were written after Paul died. These writings were intended to apply Paul's teaching to a new situation.
Study of end times, when it will be and what is to happen at that time. Often this area of study also includes discussion of the state of the dead in the present.
Man of Lawlessness
Person mentioned in 2 Thessalonians as evidence that the "Day of the Lord" had not yet occurred. Although he has been identified in many ways, we cannot be certain of his identity except to say that he was someone who lived in the late first century, otherwise the original readers of 2 Thessalonians would not have known who he is, which was necessary for the letter's argument.
1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. They are called Pastoals because they give instructions about church leaders.
When many people write various kinds of texts in the name of an authoritative figure who had died. Means "false name". Any documents written under someone other than true author
Time when Christ returns to earth, bringing God's judgement, the resurrection of the dead, and the end of the world as it is now known.
A group of women in the early church who were influential and engaged in a significant teaching ministry.
Designation for Jews who live outside Palestine
Belief that Jesus did not have a physical body, but was only a spiritual presence in the world
1) Self-designation of the writer of 2 and 3 John 2) It refers to a leadership position within the early church
Encouragement, in the New Testament it often means encouragement in ethical living.
Belief system that most scholars think develops in the 2nd century CE that incoprated elements of mysticism and a radical rejection of the value of the matieral world. It seems to begin with Judaism and then quickly moves into Christianity.
Anything dedicated to or offered to a god.
The term does not appear in the book of Revelation. In the New Testament, it only appears in 1 and 2 John, referring to someone who believes the wrong things. After the time of the New Testament, it comes to refer to the end-time agent of Satan.
A genre of literature and a way of understanding the world. The genre has a heavenly being bring a message about God's actions to enact justice. Both the literature and the worldview envision this action happening soon. The fullest example is the book of Revelation.
City of Seven Hills
Nickname for the city of Rome in the 1st century. Revelation alludes to this name in one of its images as a sign to readers that it is talking about the empire.
A distressed mental state that occurs when a person's beliefs about the self or the world are significantly different from the way they actually experience the world or from other ideas about the world that they continue to hold.
Roman emperor 81-96 CE. Some think he instigated the persecution of Christians that broke out soon after his reign.
Ex eventu prophecy
A prophecy written after the even that fulfills it has already happened. Many pseudepigraphic works employ this technique so that they seem reliable when they predict what is truly still in the future.
Use of numbers to represent letters (1=a, 2=b, etc)
Island off the western coast of Turkey where John had been exiled when he wrote Revelation.
The experience of not having things one thinks one is entitled to or deserves. Those who have this experience may not be impoverished, but only lack the things others around them have.
An image of Christ that appears in Revelation. A lamb represents both a helpless victim and a sacrificial gift. It signifies that the martyrdom of Jesus was not the last word. The resurrection has shown the power of God to be greater than the forces that killed Jesus.
The problem of the presence of evil and basic unfairness that exists in a world made by an all-good God. It is sometimes expressed by a person asking why bad things happen to good people.
Powerful figures among the beings that surround the throne of God in the visions of heaven in revelation 4-5. They represent the combination of the 12 tribes of Israel and the 12 apostles. Thus they represent the whole people of God.