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Drugs Test Study Guide.
Tobacco kills... every _____ of every _____ of every _____ 50 people will die of tobacco related problems.
every HOUR of every DAY of every MONTH
List 3 ingredients in tobacco
-Carbon Monoxide
Only 5% of people diagnosed with an oral _____ survive more than ___ years.
an oral CANCER survive more than 5 years.
What are the three organs that are most affected by alcohol?
Heart, Liver, Brain
Cirrhosis is a disease that affects the _______.
Tar from cigarettes affects the _______. (which organ)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: (define)
A serious condition involving mental retardation and facial cranial malformations in the offspring of an alcoholic mother.
Marijuana is equivalent to:
___ cigarettes worth of CO intake
___ cigarettes worth of tar intake
___ cigarettes worth of cellular damage
5 cigarettes worth of CO intake
4 cigarettes worth of tar intake
10 cigarettes worth of cellular damage
The 3 D's: ________, ________, ________
Depressants, Downers, Drowsiness
Stimulants are known as _________.
What are four stimulants?
cocaine, methaphetamines, ephidrine, caffiene
Acute use = ___________
Short term
Chronic use = ___________
Long term
Binge drinking: ______________________________.
4 or more drinks for a female, and
5 or more drinks for a male at one sitting
Chronic Drinking: ____________________________
Daily or almost daily alcohol consumption (60 drinks per month)
Short-term effects of drinking: Slower __________ time.
Long-term effects of drinking: _________ shrink (body part that helps with strength)
MUSCLES shrink
Legal blood alcohol level in the state of Utah is: _________ (decimal)
Legal drinking age in the United States is _______ (years old)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (physical characteristics)
-(nose) Flat
-(lip) Upper Lip Thin
-(ears) Placed Lower on head
Blood Alcohol Levels are affected by what two things? __________ and ___________
Ecstasy causes the body to overheat, this is also known as _________________.
OTC (define)
Medicines that are safe enough to be taken without written order from a physician.
Prescription (define)
Medicines that can only be sold with a written order from a physician.
Addiction (define)
A physical or psychological need for a drug.
Abuse (define)
The physical, emotional, or mental mistreatment of a substance.
Dose (define)
A quantity of medicine prescribed to be taken at one time.
Something that provides a positive alternative other than drug use.
What are two reasons why people start smoking?
____________ and ___________
How many chemicals are found in cigarettes?
over 4000
What are the 5 forms of ways that tobacco is used?
Second-hand Smoke: (define)
Beathing air that has been contaminated by cigarette smoke
Side-stream Smoke: (define)
Smoke coming from the burning tip of a cigarette
Main-stream Smoke: (define)
Smoke the smoker exhales.
Passive Smoker: (define)
Non-smoker who breathes second-hand smoke
Withdrawal: (define)
Unpleasant symptoms that occur when someone stops using an addictive substance.
Dependence: (define)
The body and mind feeling that it needs a drug
Chronic bronchitis affects the _______ in the lungs.
Emphysema affects the air ______ in the lungs.
Physical symptoms of smoking: ___________, __________, ___________, ____________
Heart attack, Stroke, Lung cancer, Emphysema
What does the "H.E.L.P." stand for?
Healthful, Ethical, Legal, Parent Approval
How you say NO is ___________.
By not doing drugs, it will help you to stay (referring to your health) __________.
Pressure Situation: (define)
Any situation where your values could be in question.
Use "___" statements to avoid being targeted or bullied.
"I" statements