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test two speech
Terms in this set (27)
which of the following is not an example of persuasion?
something about bagels
when selecting a persuasive speech topic, speech writers must consider all but which of the following?
because we see so many advertisements every day, we are immune to their effects. t/f
a speaker gets up and presents a speech that her roommate presented last semester. This is an example of...
which of the following is not an okay visual aid?**
it is okay to put an extra slide with your sources
ethical public speakings begins before you start writing your speech. t/f
dante is looking forward to his friend's speech and instead of sitting by the air conditioning, sits on the other side of the room where it is more quiet. this is an example of...
which of the following is not true about hearing?
it is voluntary
a typical person could speak __ amount of words in one minute.
when we listen, we can process _ words per minute.
the ability to listen well is a gift that cannot be learned. t/f
what is persuasive speaking?
"the art of convincing others to give
favorable attention to our point of
view." First, it acknowledges the artfulness, or skill, required to persuade others. Second, this definition
delineates the ends of persuasion—to convince others to think favorably of our point of view. Persuasion "encompasses a wide range of communication activities, including advertising, marketing, sales, political campaigns, and interpersonal relations"
what are speeches to actuate?
Speeches to actuate are designed to motivate particular
behaviors. In this infomercial,
the salesperson attempted to convince
you that you needed to buy the kitchen
tool—it will save you time and money.
Thus, not only was the commercial an
attempt to convince you to change how
you felt about spoons and spatulas, but also an effort to incite you to action—
to actually purchase the Spoonatula.
This illustrates a function of persuasive
speeches, to motivate behavior.
what is a proposition of policy?
A proposition of
policy may call for people to stop a
particular behavior, or to start one. For
example, some U.S. cities have started
banning single use plastic bags in
grocery stores. Long before official
public policy on this issue was
established, organizations such as The
Surfrider Foundation and the Earth
Resource Foundation advocated that
people stop using these bags because of
the damage plastic bags cause to
marine life. In this case local
governments and private organizations
attempted to persuade people to stop
engaging in a damaging behavior—
shopping with single use plastic bags. But then they proposed you start using reusable bags.
picking a persuasive speech.
The topics in Appendix
A are written as propositions that can
be defended. Some are propositions of
fact, others are propositions of value,
and yet others are propositions of
policy. Pick something that interests you.
what is ethos?
The audience's perception of you as a speaker is
influential in determining whether or not they will choose to accept your proposition. Aristotle called this
element of the speech ethos, "a Greek word that is closely related to our terms ethical and ethnic" (Campbell &
Huxman, 2009, p. 232). He taught speakers to establish credibility with the audience by appearing to have good
moral character, common sense, and concern for the audience's well-being. ethos is not about conveying that you, as an individual, are a good person. It is
about "mirror[ing] the characteristics idealized by [the] culture or group" (ethnic) (p.232), and demonstrating that
you make good moral choices with regard to your relationship within the group (ethics).
what is deductive reasoning?
The opposite of inductive reasoning
is deductive reasoning, moving from a
general principle to a claim regarding a
specific instance. For example, if
you know that all dogs bark (major
premise), and your neighbor has a dog
(minor premise), you could then
conclude that your neighbor's dog
barks (specific claim).
what are hostile audiences?
A hostile audience may take issue with your topic or with
you as a speaker. In this case, your primary goal is to persuade the audience to listen to what you have to
say (Beebe & Beebe, 2003). Once they are willing to listen, then you will have the ability to change their minds in the
what are ethics?
Morality is the process of discerning
between right and wrong. Ethics
involves making decisions about right
and wrong within a dilemma. For
example, you might claim that stealing
is morally wrong. But is stealing
morally wrong when a mother steals a
loaf of bread to feed her four starving
children? It's this scenario that
requires an understanding of ethics. In
a moral dilemma, we apply ethics to
make choices about what is good or
bad, right or wrong.
what is unethical communication?
Unethical communication can lead to
poor decision-making or a lack of
respect for self and others, and threaten
the well-being of individuals and
what is patchwork plagiarism?
Patchwork plagiarism is plagiarism
that occurs when one "patches"
together bits and pieces from one or
more sources and represents the end
result as his or her own. Michael
O'Neill (1980) also coined the term
"paraplaging" to explain how an author
simply uses partial text of sources with
partial original writing.
define ethical speaking
two most important aspects in ethical
communication include your ability to
remain honest while avoiding
plagiarism and to set and meet
responsible speech goals.
involved in the communication process
have ethical responsibilities. An ethical
communicator tries to "understand and
respect other communicators before
evaluating and responding to their
messages." An ethical listener is one
who actively interprets shared material
and analyzes the content and speaker's
effectiveness. Good listeners try to
display respect for the speaker.
Communicating respect for the speaker
occurs when the listener: a) prepares to
listen and b) listens with his or her
this is all a waste of time is not going to
help you to listen effectively. You'll be
better off determining an internal
motivation to be attentive to the person
speaking. Approaching the task of
listening with a positive attitude and an
open-mind will make the act of
listening much easier.
listening vs. hearing
listening requires conscious attention whereas hearing occurs automatically through the use of our ears.
benefits of effective listening
better understand and make
connections between ideas and
information; change perspectives and
challenge assumptions; empathize and
show respect or appreciation, which
can enhance our relationships; and
build self-esteem. Effective listening can also help you
to make a better impression on
We know now that attention is the
fundamental difference between
hearing and listening. Paying attention
to what a speaker is saying requires
intentional effort on your part.
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