Terms in this set (28)
German republic founded after the WWI and the downfall of the German Empire's monarchy.
(Social Democratic Party of Germany) Founded during the latter part of the 19th century, it was Germany's largest party until 1932. Its strength was based in the growing industrial working class.
Left wing Marxists who attempted control in Weimar Republic.
German paramilitary organizations formed by returning defeated German soldiers. The Freikorps served as the key paramilitary groups of the Weimar Republic.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans.
Provision of the Versailles Treaty that blamed Germany for World War I.
John Maynard Keynes
(1919) British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption. Wrote "Economic Consequences of Peace"
"stab in the back"
Myth promoted in Germany after the war that, on the brink of victory, socialists and Jewish politicians conspired to surrender to the Allies; used by Nazis as part of their drive to power in the 1920s.
(1923) Germany announced they couldn't pay their reparations, France invades the Ruhr Valley to collect reparations "in Kind."
Payment for damages after a war
French nationalistic Prime Minister who occupied German mining/manufacturing districts to ensure payment of German reparations
Head of Weimar Germany
Beer Hall Putsch
(1923) Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
In 1925 the leaders of Europe signed a number of agreements at Locarno, Switzerland. Germany and France pledged to accept their common border, and Britain and Italy agreed to fight either France or Germany if either one invaded the other. Other boundary disputes were also settled. Its creation spawned the term "spirit of Locarno" meaning in the spirit of peace.
(1928) Agreement signed in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
Representation of the People Act
(1928) Gave the vote to women over 30 with minimum property requirements. Almost all men gained the right to vote.
(1926) strike by workers in many different industries at the same time, lasted nine days and involved three million.
British political party founded in 1900 with the help of trade unions to represent the interests of the urban working class.
Whether Ireland should gain self-rule. Refers to how Irish were treated by the British.
An Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland
Irish Republican Amry
(IRA) Carried out terrorist attacks in the name of Irish independence.
A group of 6 northern counties containing a majority or Protestants. Gained self-governing status but still had representation in Parliament.
Stock Market Crash
(1929) The steep fall in the prices of stocks due to widespread financial panic. It was caused by stock brokers who called in the loans they had made to stock investors. This caused stock prices to fall, and many people lost their entire life savings as many financial institutions went bankrupt.
Starting with collapse of the US stock market in 1929, period of worldwide economic stagnation and depression. Heavy borrowing by European nations from USA during WW1 contributed to instability in European economies. Sharp declines in income and production as buying and selling slowed down. Widespread unemployment, countries raised tariffs to protect their industries.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
A government of all left-wing parties that took power in France in 1936 to enact social and economic reforms.