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Jefferson Era Quiz
Terms in this set (17)
What were the main parties in the election of 1800 and how did their views differ?
Main parties were Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.Federalists though that the country was being ruined by Radicals and that the Republicans would put the country into anarchy. Democratic-Republicans thought they were saving the nation from monarchy and oppression and thought the Alien and Sedition Act violated the Bill of Rights.
How did Jefferson envision the future?
Jefferson wanted a nation of small, independent farmers because he thought this would cause the nation to hold strong morals, democratic values, and it would stop Americans from crowding into cities. He wanted America to become Agricultural. He also wanted a smaller central government, smaller military, and to lower taxes.
What was the extent of the U.S. territory after the Louisiana Purchase?
The Louisiana Territory was double the size of the United States s it was enlarged by more than double the size.
What difficulties did Lewis and Clark face on their expedition?
Bad weather/ Winters, new animals like bears, travels across rough rivers, angry British and French traders and trappers, long hikes around large landforms like the Great Falls of Missouri.
What trouble did Zebulon Pike have on his 1806-1807 trip?
He went too far South and ended in Mexico where he was arrested and held for a year before being returned to the U.S.
Why did Jefferson have difficulty staying out of foreign affairs?
Jefferson had difficulty staying out of foreign affairs because he kept making decisions that ended up causing foreign interactions. For example the purchase of the Louisiana territory opened the country to western expansion causing Americans to have closer contact with people from other nations who had establishments in the West. Many Americans were traders and thus they would go overseas to trade with other nations, sometimes they would become imprisoned by people like African Pirates causing the U.S. to take action.
How did Tecumseh intend to prevent the loss of Native American land?
Tecumseh intended to prevent the loss of Native American land by doing what the Patriots had done: unite. Tecumseh wanted the Native American tribes to unite together to create a large and powerful army that could battle the White people. However the Shawnee tribe was defeated in one battle and forced Tecumseh and his troops to become allies with Britain in Canada.
What were some of the causes of the War of 1812?
One cause of the War of 1812 was when Britain started to ally with the Native Americans in Canada which angered the Americans. They also didn't even like Britain in Canada. They wanted to conquer Canada for themselves and expand America's empire. Another reason was that Americans did not like the British violations of American rights at sea.
What battle of the War of 1812 ended the British threat to the U.S. Northwest?
The battle that ended the British threat to the U.S. Northwest was on Lake Erie. In the winter of 1812-1813 when Oliver Hazard Perry lead a fleet to attack a small British force. He forced the British to surrender and sent a note towards General Harrison telling of his victory. Harrison then transported his army from Lake Erie to Detroit where he found the British had retreated into Canada. He then pursued them and defeated them at the Battle of Thames in October which put an end to the British threat to the Northwest as well as claimed the life of Tecumseh.
What event preceded the second phase of the war?
The event that preceded the second phase of the war was Britain's war against France. Britain mostly put their focus on that rather than their war against the Americans. Once they beat France they put their full attention to winning the War of 1812 and began winning more battles.
What were the major events of the Jefferson Era?
Some major events of the Jefferson era were the War of 1812, the Louisiana Purchase, the seizing of U.S. ships from foreign nations like Britain and France, and the Embargo Act of 1807. The Judiciary Act of 1801 ( ), Marbury versus Madison/ Judicial Review (supreme court has final say in interpreting the Constitution).
How would you describe the Jefferson Era?
I would characterize the era as an era of foreign relationships. Nearly every event that happened involved some other nation. The War of 1812 was against Britain and affected trading, the Louisiana Purchase caused the United States to come closer with other nations and interact more with them since they were closer to Mexico and it was purchased from another country, the seizing of U.S. ships caused multiple agents to be sent over to France and Europe and lead to a war, and the Embargo angered the citizens enough to choose a new president that would declare war on Britain.
What were some causes and effects of the War of 1812 according to John Green?
Some causes, according to John Green, of the War of 1812 are the British impressment of American sailors, America wanted Canadian land, and American desire for expansion into Native American territory. Some effects of the War of 1812 are that it solidified that America would stay where it was and not be disbanded, taken over, etc. It also marked the end of the Federalist Party when they tried to repeal some laws during the Hartford Convention before Jackson's marvelous victory, making the party seem unpatriotic and they lost popularity. Another effect of the war was that the Native Americans lost most of their land as well a majority of their population.
How do you think Thomas Jefferson's behavior as president may have affect the way future presidents viewed the office?
I think Thomas Jefferson's behavior as president might have affected the way future presidents viewed the office by resolving seeing Britain as a threat/issue. Every president before Jefferson had a problem with Britain going into office and Jefferson started resolving the issues with Britain and after The War of 1812 eliminated the threat of Britain.
What were some contradictions in Jefferson's persona?
Some contradictions in Jefferson's persona were that he wanted to make the United States agricultural but he passed the Embargo Act which forced Americans to begin manufacturing more since they could not obtain manufactured goods from Britain. Another contradiction is that jefferson stated that "All men are created equal" yet he owned slave and created racist documents about them. He also believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution but bought the Louisiana Territory even though it was not written the president couldn't buy land in the Constitution.
How did the expansion of the United States affect its foreign policy?
The expansion of the United States affected its foreign policy because America wanted to stay out of foreign affairs but were eventually forced into them. When America was trading with other countries their ships would bet attacked by African pirates causing Americans to have to take action against them. Another example would be with the Britain and French war against each other. America did not want to get involved and just traded with both nations but Britain were angered with the Americans helping their enemy so they began to attack trading ships. Then America had to attack Britain.
Before elections, supporters of different candidates sometimes make outrageous claims? How was the election of 1800 an example of this?
The election of 1800 was an example of this because both sides were making bad statements about one another. The Federalists called the Democratic-Republicans Radicals, which would have most likely made them angered. However the different political parties were not the only ones making outrageous claims. Federalists within themselves argued with each other against who should be vice-president and who should be president; Thomas Jefferson or Aaron Burr, who both received the same amount of electoral votes. One man named Alexander Hamilton disliked Burr so much that he said "If there be a man in this world I ought to hate it is Jefferson.... But the public good must [more important than] every private consideration." Burr and Hamilton ended up going against each other in a duel where Hamilton was shot and died the next day.
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