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124 terms

med terms 2

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ankylosis
condition of stiffness and immobility of a joint
osteoarthritis
chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degererative changes in cartilage
gouty arthritis
inflamation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation
leiomyoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
atrophy
wasting away (no development) of muscle
calcium and phosphorus
Two mineral substances necessary for proper development of bones are (spelling)
diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone is called the ____.(spelling)
epiphysis
The end of a long bone are called the ____.(spelling)
cartilage
The bones of a fetus are mainly composed of _____ tissue. (spelling)
osteoblasts
During bone development, immature bone cells called_____produce bony tissure.(spelling)
trabecular
Red bone marrow is found in spongy or ______bone. (spelling)
periosteum
The strong membrane surrounding the surface of a bone is the _____.(spelling)
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is called___.(spelling)
orthopedist
The physician who treats bones and bone diseases is a _____.(spelling)
haversian canals
Series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the ____.(spelling)
ligament
Connective tissue that binds to other bones is a____.(spelling)
tendon
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones is a ______.(spelling
synovial fluid
Fluid found within the joint is called_____.(spelling)
bursa
A sac of fluid near a joint is a ______.(spelling)
articular cartilage
Smooth cartilage that surrounds the surface of bones at joints is _____.(spelling)
arthroplasty
Surgical repair of a joint is called_____.(spelling)
tendon(itis)
inflammation of a tendon:____itis (spelling)
rheumato(logist)
doctor specialinzing in joint disorders:______logist (spelling)
chondr(oma)
tumor (benign) of cartilage:______oma (spelling)
(arthr)otomy
incision of a joint: arthr_____ (spelling)
ankyl(osis)
stiffened, immobile joint:_____osis (spelling)
(ten)orrhaphy
suture of a tendon: ten________ (spelling)
(chondro)malacia
softening of cartilage: chondro______ (spelling)
chondrosarc(oma)
tumor (malignant) of cartilage:_______oma (spelling)
burs(itis)
inflammation of a sac of fluid near a joint:_____itis (spelling)
fascia
fibrous membrane separating muscle
abduction
movement away from the midline
myocardial
pertaining to the heart
polymyalgia
pain of many muscles
supination
act of turning the palm forward or upward
visceral
muscle connected to internal organs
insertion
connection of muscle to the bone that moves
origin
connection of muscle to a stationary bone
scapula
shoulder bone (spelling)
humerus
upper arm bone (spelling)
sternum
breatbone (spelling)
femur
thigh bone (spelling)
phalanges
finger bones (spelling)
clavicle
collar bone (spelling)
carpals
wrist bones (spelling)
patella
kneecap (spelling)
metatarsals
foot bones (spelling)
vertebra
backbone
frontal bone
forms the forehead
zygomatic bone
cheek bone
maxilla
upper jaw bone
occipital bone
forms the back and the base of the skull
mandible
lower jaw bone
parietal bone
forms the roof and the upper side of the skull
lacrimal bone
two paired bones at the corner of each eye
temporal bone
bone near the ear; connected to the lower jaw
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine
myelopoiesis
formation of bone marrow
lordosis
abnormal anterior curvature of the spine
exostoses
benign turmors arising from the bone surface
kyphosis
humpback
talipes
clubfoof
spondylolisthesis
subluxation of a vertebra
achondroplasia
an inherited condition in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation
ganglion
cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist
gouty arthritis
inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of uric acid
osteoarthritis
degernerative joint disease;chronic inflammation of bones and joints
ankylosing spondylitis
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening joints, especially of the spine
carpal tunnel syndrome
compression of the median nerve in the wrist
bunion
abnormal swelling of a metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the big toe and first metatarsal)
Lyme disease
tick-borne bacterium causes this type of arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic joint disease with inflamed and painful joints; marked by swollen and thickened synovial membranes
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin (red rash on the face), kidneys, heart, and lungs as well as joints
dislocation
displacement of a bone from its joint
flextion
bending a limb,decreasing the angle between two bones
abduction
movement away from the midline
adduction
movement toward the midline
rotation
circular movement around an axis
extension
straightening out a limb
pronation
turning the palm backward
condyle
knuckle like projection
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
tubercle
small rounded process
trochanter
large process on femur for attachment of muscles
foramen
opening for blood vessels and nerves
fissure
narrow, deep slit like opening
subluxation
partial or imcomplete dislocation
arthrodesis
binding of a joint
podagra
sharp pain of big toe associated with gouty arthritis
pyrexia
fever
sciatica
pain radiating down the leg
malleolus
rounded process at the ankle
lamina
part of the vertebral arch
olecranon
elbow bone
pubic symphysis
anterior part of the hip bone
osteoporosis
decrease in bone density; thinning and weakening of the bone
osteogenic sarcoma
malignant tumor of bone
calcaneus
heel bone
acetabulum
socket for femur in hip
acromion
projection of scapula
fibromyalgia
pain of fibrous tissue and muscle
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
muscular dystrophy
group of inherited diseases with progressive muscle weakness and degereration
polymyositis
chronic inflammation of many muscles
fasciitis
inflammation of fascia
cancellous bone
part of the bone that is spongy porus bone tissue
mastoid process
a round process of the temporal bone behind the ear
name bones of the face
azgomatic, maxillary, mandibular, lacrimal, nasal, vomer
osteogenesis
poor formation of bone
laminectomy
operation to relieve symtoms of a slipped disk
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spinal column
osteomalacia
softening of bone
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone marrow
talipes
club foot
comminuted fracture
a splintered or crushed bone
electromyography
the process of recording the strength of muscle contraction
polymyositis
chronic inflammatory myopathy of uncertain etiology
tubercle
small, rounded process on a bone
sinus
cavity within a bone
tendon
connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
disc(k)
flat, round, plate like stucture between vertebrae
exostosis
bony growth arising from the surface of bone
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of the joint space with a needle
sprain
trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments