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Terms in this set (25)
a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports
business and career counseling
What is Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) usually used for?
the statistical procedure used to identify different components of intelligence or personality
trait theories of personality
we can describe people's personalities by specifying their main characteristics (traits)
describe behavior but do not explain it
Similar to Freud, trait theories
Traits are thought to _____ over the course of your life.
extraversion-introversion and emotional stability-instability
What are Eysenck's two personality dimensions?
Traits can be attributed to your
questionnaires on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits
Minnesota Multiphastic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders, this test is now used for many other screening purposes
In contrast to the subjectivity of most projective tests favored by psychoanalysts, personality inventories are scored objectively.
What is the difference between projective tests and personality inventories?
conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extraversion
What are Costa & McCrae's Big Five dimensions of personality?
organized/disorganized, careful/careless, disciplined/impulsive
soft-hearted/ruthless, trusting/suspicious, helpful/uncooperative
also known as emotional stability; calm/anxious, secure/insecure, self-satisfied/self-pitying
imaginative/practical, variety/routine, independent/conforming
sociable/retiring, fun-loving/sober, affectionate/reserved
How stable are the Big Five traits in adulthood?
emotional instability, extraversion, and openness
Which tendencies of the Big Five traits wane a bit in the decades after college?
agreeableness and conscienciousness
Which tendencies of the Big Five traits rise a bit in the decades after college?
across different cultures; other attributes
Traits can be applied _____ and predict _____.
Most psychologists think traits are fairly consistent but behaviors are not. So traits can not always accurately predict behavior well.
What is the person-situation controversy?
Are our traits more stable over time or more changing?
_____ is consistent from one situation to another.
_____ is not consistent from one situation to another.
Recommended textbook explanations
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
Katherine Minter, Mary Spilis, William Elmhorst
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