AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Vocabulary: Industry
All Chapter 11 Vocabulary (including KBAT).
Terms in this set (32)
U.S owned factories built on the Mexican side of the U.S.-Mexico border to take advantage of cheap Mexican labor.
A revolution, originating in late 18th-century England, that resulted in several improvements in industrial technology and greatly increased productivity.
Home-based manufacturing of household tools and agricultural equipment.
An industry in which the inputs weigh more than the outputs.
An industry in which the outputs weigh more than the inputs.
(e.g. Beverage Production, Fabricated Metals
A location where transfer of products among transportation modes is possible, increasing costs.
(e.g. Seaports, Airports)
A industry in which wages and other compensation paid to workers constitute a high percentage of expenses.
The concentration of enterprises in an area, providing economic benefits because of closer proximity to suppliers and attraction of skilled labor.
A series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled.
An, often large, industry that produces goods for exporting out of a community to a large area, adding to the economy. Often the first businesses in a city.
(e.g. Commercial Farms, Manufacturers)
An industrial site that is not fully utilized or left idle because of pollution or contamination.
Wealth in the form of money or assets owned by a person or organization.
When the needs of one region correspond to the products of another region.
(e.g. Arkansas needs oranges, Florida produces oranges)
The decline in the industrial activity of a region as a result of reduced need of labor.
(e.g. Rust Belt Emigration)
Export Processing Zone (EPZ)
An economic zone in which manufacturers export all outputs and are given tax breaks and exemption from some regulations.
An industry that can locate anywhere without worrying about situation factors like transportation.
(e.g. Computing/Software, Telecommunications)
The idea, pioneered by Henry Ford, of assigning each worker a simple, repetitive task in an assembly line.
A system of lean production in which a worker teaches themselves how to work productively, works with others, and is not treated worse than the manager.
When an industry prefers to remain in the same location even though its appealing factors may be reducing, usually as a result of skilled labor or cheaper transportation.
The fundamental systems require for a country to function.
(e.g. Roads, Electricity, Plumbing)
Economies of Scale
The idea that as the number of outputs an industry creates increases, the cost per unit decreases because fixed costs are spread out more.
Weber's Least Cost Theory
A locational theory created by Alfred Weber that takes into account labor, transportation and raw materials. The theory states that if an industry is Bulk-Reducing, it should locate near the raw materials it requires because they are heavier than the finished product. If an industry is Bulk-Gaining, it should locate near the market because the finished product is heavier. Lastly, an industry should always locate closer to its heaviest raw material.
A region in which manufacturing activities have mustered together.
(e.g. Rust Belt)
The production of large amounts of standardized products, usually through assembly lines.
An, often smaller, industry that produces goods for its surrounding community, recycling money. Often built later in a city's life.
(e.g. Local Salon, Farmer's Market)
The turning over of much of the responsibility for production to several, usually foreign, independent suppliers.
An industry involved with the extraction and collection of natural resources.
(e.g. Copper, Steel)
An industry that takes raw materials and manufactures finished products.
(e.g. Automobiles, Textiles)
Natural Resources used in the production of goods.
(e.g. Iron, Oil, Wood)
Factors affecting location of an industry based on the physical characteristics of an area.
(e.g. Land, Labor, Capital)
Factors affecting location of an industry based on the relative location of an industry.
(e.g. Transportation Costs, Perishability, Location of Raw Materials/Market)
A system of weights and pulleys, developed by Pierre Varignon, that shows the optimum location of a factory. The weights represent the transportation costs of raw materials.
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