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41 terms

chapter 5 ap us history

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1st continental congress
meeting of delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in Philedelphia, called in reaction to the Intolerable Acts. It was to protest pariamentary intrusions on their rights.
suffolk resolves
declared colonial resistance to Coercive acts
announced preparations for a military defense against British tyranny
vigorously protesting the Intolerable Acts
decided they would boycott British goods, ignore punitive measures, support colonial government, and urge colonies to raise militias.
declaration of rights/grievances
petition to the king urging him to redress colonial grievances and restore colonial rights; recognized Parliament's authority to regulate commerce
"the association"
It called for a complete boycott of British goods
Paul Revere
American silversmith who became a hero after his famous ride to warn of the British advance on Lexington and Concord.
Samuel Prescott
The patriot, along with William Dawes and Paul Revere, warned the colonists that the British were coming before Lexington and Concord.
William Dawes
American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)
Lexington/Concord
first battle of the American Revoulutionary War; British meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british, killing 300
minute men
colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minute's notice
bunker hill
British and American troops poured into the Boston area. Americans killed over one thousand British soldiers and the British killed nearly four hundred. The Americans had to fled because they were nearly out of supplies. King George III suspended trade between Britain and the American colonies., "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes"
second continental congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Causes and Necessities for taking up arms
olive branch petition
What document was sent to big George III as a final attempt at peace by the Colonists in 1775.
thomas paine
published "common sense" pamphlet
common sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed a large continenet should not be ruled by a small island
richard henry lee
colonists who set up the declaration of independence
declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain "all men are created equal"
thomas Jefferson
writer of the declaration of independence
hessians
german mercenaries=paid to fight
patriots
"whigs", 1/3Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
loyalists
"tories", 1/3American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
native americans (revolutionary war)
afraid of American expansion so sided with Great Britain
joseph brant
iroquis league who supported the British during the American Revolution.
african americans (revolutionary war)
British promised to free their slaves if they fought in the war so they americans did the same 5,000 fought
Baron von Steuben
volunteer, general in Prussia,offered help to Patriots after Washington won the battles at Trenton & Princeton, arrived at Valley Forge in the spring of 1778
colonel tye
One of Dunmore's black troop member who conducted guerilla raids against the Patriots
valley forge
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
battle of saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Marquis de lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution
benedict arnold
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
battle of yorktown
final battle of the war, in which French and American forces led by George Washington defeated British General Cornwallis
treaty of paris
This treaty ended the Seven Years War
newburgh conspiracy, 1783
an attempt to obtain taxation authority for the Treasury. convinced the Continental's army officers stationed in Newburgh, New York, to bluff that they would mutiny unless they received a pay raise. George Washington managed to stop this conspiracy by making an emotional plea to the troops.
republican motherhood
suggested that women would be responsible for raising their children to be virtuous citizens of the new American republic
social changes from revolution
state constituions and laws abolished old instituionts that had or orginated in Europe, seperation of church and state, and dependency of women
new state governments (trends)
lists of rights such as trial by jury and freedom of religion, seperating power (judicia,executive and legeslative) voting and office holding
articles of conferderation
drafted by john dickerson the first plan of government of the U.S
unicameral legislature
a one house assembly whose members are chosen by voters
land ordinance
congress established a public policy for the western lands which provided one section of land set aside in each township for public education
northwest ordinance
the government granted limited self-government to the developing territory and prohibited slavery in the region
shay's rebellion
massachusetts farmer who lead other farmers in an uprising against high taxes,imrosenment for debt, and lack of paper money.
problems with articles of confederation
caused financial,domestic, and foreign problems