1st continental congress
meeting of delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in Philedelphia, called in reaction to the Intolerable Acts. It was to protest pariamentary intrusions on their rights.
declared colonial resistance to Coercive acts
announced preparations for a military defense against British tyranny
vigorously protesting the Intolerable Acts
decided they would boycott British goods, ignore punitive measures, support colonial government, and urge colonies to raise militias.
declaration of rights/grievances
petition to the king urging him to redress colonial grievances and restore colonial rights; recognized Parliament's authority to regulate commerce
American silversmith who became a hero after his famous ride to warn of the British advance on Lexington and Concord.
The patriot, along with William Dawes and Paul Revere, warned the colonists that the British were coming before Lexington and Concord.
American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)
first battle of the American Revoulutionary War; British meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british, killing 300
British and American troops poured into the Boston area. Americans killed over one thousand British soldiers and the British killed nearly four hundred. The Americans had to fled because they were nearly out of supplies. King George III suspended trade between Britain and the American colonies., "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes"
second continental congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Causes and Necessities for taking up arms
olive branch petition
What document was sent to big George III as a final attempt at peace by the Colonists in 1775.
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed a large continenet should not be ruled by a small island
declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain "all men are created equal"
"tories", 1/3American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
african americans (revolutionary war)
British promised to free their slaves if they fought in the war so they americans did the same 5,000 fought
Baron von Steuben
volunteer, general in Prussia,offered help to Patriots after Washington won the battles at Trenton & Princeton, arrived at Valley Forge in the spring of 1778
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
battle of saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
battle of yorktown
final battle of the war, in which French and American forces led by George Washington defeated British General Cornwallis
newburgh conspiracy, 1783
an attempt to obtain taxation authority for the Treasury. convinced the Continental's army officers stationed in Newburgh, New York, to bluff that they would mutiny unless they received a pay raise. George Washington managed to stop this conspiracy by making an emotional plea to the troops.
suggested that women would be responsible for raising their children to be virtuous citizens of the new American republic
social changes from revolution
state constituions and laws abolished old instituionts that had or orginated in Europe, seperation of church and state, and dependency of women
new state governments (trends)
lists of rights such as trial by jury and freedom of religion, seperating power (judicia,executive and legeslative) voting and office holding
congress established a public policy for the western lands which provided one section of land set aside in each township for public education
the government granted limited self-government to the developing territory and prohibited slavery in the region
massachusetts farmer who lead other farmers in an uprising against high taxes,imrosenment for debt, and lack of paper money.