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42 terms

AP English Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Alliteration
repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words. Used sparingly, this device provides emphasis. Overused, it sounds silly.
Antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure. The contrast may be in words or in ideas or both. When used well, antithesis can be very effective, even witty.
Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words.
Anadiplosis
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause.
Anaphora
repetition of the same word or groups of words at the beginnings of successive clauses. This device produces a strong emotional effect, especially in speech. It also establishes a marked change in rhythm.
Epanalepsis
repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the clause. Like other schemes of repetition, this often produces or expresses strong emotion.
Hyperbole
the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.
Metaphor
implied comparison between two things of unlike nature.
Parallelism
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses. This basic principle of grammar and rhetoric demands that equivalent things be set forth in coordinate grammatical structures: nouns with nouns, infinitives with infinitives, and adverb clauses with adverb clauses.
Rhetorical question
asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer but for the purpose of asserting or denying something obliquely
Simile
explicit comparison between two things of unlike nature (like or as)
Allusion
a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication
Anachronism
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time
Apostrophe
a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea, as "O Death, where is thy sting?"
Anastrophe
inversion of the natural or usual word order. This deviation can emphasize a point or it can just sound awkward. It is most effective if the author rarely writes awkwardly, because when set among well-structured sentences it emphasizes the inverted phrase
Bildungsroman
a coming of age novel
Blank Verse
unrhymed Iambic Pentameter / Patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables
Burlesque
involving ludicrous or mocking treatment of a solemn subject
Colloquialism
a word or phrase appropriate to conversation and other informal situations
Dialect
a special variety of a language
Prose
the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse
Double Entendre
a word or expression capable of two interpretations with one usually risqué
Dramatic Irony
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
Flashbacks
the presentation of earlier memories
Frame Story
an outer narrative that contains a larger, more significant narrative embedded in it
Imagery
figurative description or illustration; rhetorical images collectively.
Narrative
a story where a plot is existent
Parody
a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
Picaresque
a type of novel which recounts the tales of a likable rogue
Psychological
pertaining to the mind or to mental phenomena as the subject matter of psychology.
Pun
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
Quest Narrative
a story in which the central character is searching for a person, location, or abstract value
Sarcasm
harsh or bitter derision or irony.
Satire
the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.
Situational Irony
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
Slapstick
broad comedy characterized by boisterous action
Soliloquy
the act of talking while or as if alone.
Stereotype
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
Stream of Consciousness
the reader sees what characters think about in a random association of ideas
Symbol
something used for or regarded as representing something else
Verbal Irony
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Tragedy
fall of a good, believable and consistent character caused by error or frailty in the protagonist that arouses pity and terror in the audience