24 terms

Water Cycle

STUDY
PLAY
Groundwater (Subsurface Runoff)
Largest amount of freshwater. Stored below the Earth's surface. It does not stay their forever.
Surface Water (Surface Runoff)
Rain that falls on saturated or impervious (not penetrable) ground and flows downhill.
Water Cycle
Continuous movement of water on or below Earth's surface. Glaciers and icebergs are not part of this movement. This is also how ocean water gets back into the river systems. The name of this unit.
Watershed
Land area that supplies water to a river system.
Water Vapor
The name for H2O in the gaseous state.
Condensation
The cooling of water vapor allowing it to be turned back into liquid. Examples: Water on the outside of a drinking glass and water on a bathroom mirror after a shower.
Evaporation
The process by which liquid changes into a gaseous state and enters the atmosphere.
Precipitation
Cloud droplets or ice crystals that grow heavy enough to be pulled by gravity to the ground in the form of rain, hail, sleet, or snow.
Transpiration
The return of water into the air due to plant leaves 'sweating'.
Absorption
The process of the ground taking in water until it is saturated or filled and can't take in any more water.
Dew
Water droplets condensed in air, usually at night, onto cool surfaces. This is why the grass is wet in the morning.
Fog
Air that is filled with water vapor (humidity) and comes into contact with a colder surface such as the cooler ground. This can make it difficult for people to see in the morning.
Infiltration
Water that falls on the soil and eventually moves through the soil and subsurface. It cannot seep all the way to the middle of the Earth due to extreme heat and magma.
Clouds
Things formed in the atmosphere when air containing water vapor rises and cools, collects around dust, smoke or salt particles and forms water droplets. We see these almost everyday.
Cloud Formation
Part of the condensation process, water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into the liquid state of water.
Convection
The transfer of heat by movement of a fluid (liquid or gas). This is how energy is transferred throughout the water cycle.
Energy
The capacity for vigorous or available power. The ability to do work. If this did not exist, the water cycle and life on Earth would not exist.
Solar Energy
Energy radiated from the sun in the form of light or heat. The type of energy that is transferred to thermal energy.
Precipitation, Evaporation, Condensation.

More specifically: Precipitation, absorption, infiltration, groundwater, surface water (rivers, lakes, etc), evaporation, plant intake and transpiration, condensation, cloud formation, clouds, precipitation.
What is the path a drop of water would follow through the water cycle. Start with precipitation. Be able to draw a picture of the water cycle.
The amount of precipitation and the size of the outflow point.
What does the amount of water contained in a watershed depend on?
Precipitation, Groundwater (springs, wells), Ocean (once salt is removed), Surface Water (lakes, rivers, etc.)
Where does freshwater come from?
Plants survival, human consumption (wells, drinking water), water storage
What are the uses of freshwater and groundwater?
Clinton River, Lake Saint Clair, Detroit River, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls, Lake Ontario, Saint Lawrence River, Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Atlantic Ocean.
What is the order of the Clinton River Watershed as it travels to its final destination?
Gravity and Elevation (Slope of Land - Mountains, Hills, etc.)
What causes the flow of a watershed? In other words, what makes it flow?