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32 terms

World Geography Unit 7:Africa Vocab

Prentice Hall
STUDY
PLAY
delta
land formed by soil in the water that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea
fellaheen
Egyptian peasants
bazaar
open air market
basin irrigation
building walls around fields to trap the Nile's water and silt
perennial irrigation
provides water for agriculture throughout the year
capital
money investted in building and supporting new industries
wadi
dry riverbeds and sharp gullies that catch and temporarily hold water from sudden downpours
caravan
large group of merchants who join together to travel safely
medina
older Arab section of North African city
souk
market area
shifting agriculture
using land until it is stripped of its nutrients and then moving on to a new plot
forage
food for grazing animals
deforestation
destroying the trees and shrubs on an area of land
desertification
caused by drought when land looses trees and shrubs and turns to desert
refugee
a person who fleese his home to escape danger or unfair treatment
island delta
area of lakes, creeks, and swamps away from the ocean
coup
sudden political takeover
animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit
World Bank
a U.N. agency that provides loans to countries for development projects
structural adjustment program
reforms structure of economy
International Monetary Fund
a 2nd U.N. agency that provides loans to countries for development projects
watershed
dividing ridge between 2 basins
mercenary
hired soldier
harambee
Swahili word meaning "pulling together"
pyrethrum
pesticide
strategic value
value of the location to nations planning military actions
ethnocracy
government where one ethnic group rules over the others
villagization
forced to move into towns and work on collective farms
apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
sanction
punish a country for behavior of which the international community does not approve
enclave
completely surrounded and dependent on a larger country
white flight
departure of trained white administrators and technicians