one of nations first political parties, led by Thomas Jeffrson and stemming from the anti-federalists, emerged around 1792, gradually became today's Democratic party. The Jeffersonian republicans were pro-French, liberal, and mostly made up of the middle class. They favored a weak central govt., and strong states's rights.
He fought for high tariffs and a stronger national bank. He came up with a compromise to lower the tariff. Lost the 1844 presidency as a result of John Tyler causing a division in the Whig party.
John Quincy Adams
He believed the federal government should help the nation switch to an economy based on manufacturing.
In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he convinced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State. This cast a shadow among Adams' presidency.
Candidate who represented frontiersmen, immigrants and laborers. Won the election of 1828 by a landslide.
John C. Calhoun
Man who changed parties to be Jackson's vice president. He supported states' rights. When Jackson disagreed, he resigned the vice presidency and became a senator for South Carolina
Law that allowed the president to use the United States military to enforce acts of Congress.
The system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
A new way of choosing candidates. Each state would send delegates to choose the party's candidate, allowing common people to become more involved with the selection of the candidate and the election itself.
A senator Daniel Webster argued against on the topic of states' rights. He supported states' rights.
A senator Robert Hayne argued against on the topic of states' rights. He was against states' rights, and argued that nullification would mean the end of the Union.
A law the state legislature of South Carolina passed stating it would not pay for "illegal" tariffs and threatened to secede.
Indian Removal Act
Law that removed Native Americans from southern states and put them on reservations in the midwest
An area in present-day Oklahoma where Native Americans were sent to after being extracted from various areas in the United States.
Group of Native Americans who protested severely against being relocated, but their efforts failed.
General Winfield Scott
General ordered to leave his army to Georgia to remove the Cherokee from their homes and lead them west.
The Sauk chieftain who led a force of Sauk and Fox back to their homeland Illinois. They were chased to Iowa, but unfortunately most were killed by the state militia.
Enemies of Andrew Jackson. This party consisted mainly of former National Republicans and other anti-Jackson forces.
Henry Clay, Daniel Webster
The two who convinced the president of the bank to renew the Bank's charter earlier. This was a strategy to lose support for Jackson.
Martin Van Buren
Andrew Jackson's friend from New York. Asked by Jackson to veto the Bank's charter's renewal for him. Became president in 1836.
Panic of 1837
Economic downturn caused by specie circular and a wave of foreclosures during President Buren's term.
William Henry Harrison
Whig presidential candidate in 1840. War hero in the Battle of Tippecanoe. (War of 1812)
log cabin campaign
Name given to William Henry Harrison's campaign for the presidency in 1840, from the Whigs use of a log cabin as their symbol