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39 terms

11-DISEASE & DISORDER TERMS

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appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
cholangioma
tumor of the bile duct
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
choledocholithiasis
condition of stones in the common bile duct
diverticulitis
inflammation of a diverticulum
diverticulosis
abnormal condition of having diverticula
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the stomach and intestine
gastroenterocolitis
inflammation of the stomach, intestine, and colon
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
hepatitis
inflammatio of the liver
hepatoma
tumor of the liver
palatitis
inflammation of the palate
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
polyposis
abnormal condition of multiple (polyps) in the mucous membrane of the intestine, especially the colon
proctoptosis
prolapse of the rectum
rectocele
protrusion of the rectum
sialolith
stone in the salivary gland
steatohepatitis
inflammation of the liver associated with fat
uvulitis
inflammation of the uvula
adhesion
abnormal growing together of 2 surfaces that normally are separated
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder involving gorging with food, followed by induced vomiting or laxative abuse
cirrhosis
chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue; common caused by alcohol
Crohn disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting ileum
duodenal ulcer
ulcer in the duodenum
gastric ulcer
ulcer in the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus, causing heartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous
hemochromatosis
an iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food
hemorrhoid
varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external
ileus
obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
intussusception
telescoping of a segment of the intestion
irritable bowel syndrome
periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea
obesity
excess of body fat
peptic ulcer
another name for gastric or duodenal ulcer
polyp
tumorlike that projects form a mucous membrane surface
ulcerative colitis
inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers. Main symptom is bloody diarrhea
volvulus
twisting or kinking of the intestine, causing intestine obstruction