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Sophomore Poetry Terminology
Terms in this set (37)
the repetition of the same sounds, usually initial consonants, in neighboring words
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in neighboring words
the repetition of identical or similar consonants in neighboring words whose vowel sounds are different (e.g. coming home, hot foot)
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words. Simple examples include such words as buzz, hiss, hum, crack, whinny, and murmur.
a poem dealing with shepherds and rural life
the similarity of sound between two words
rhyme which comes at the end of a line of poetry
rhyme which comes within the line
inexact rhyme between two words
a section or division of a poem, resembling paragraphs in prose
the basic unit of rhythmic measurement in a line of poetry
the emphasis placed on a word or syllable
a pause in a line of verse, often coinciding with a break between clauses or sentences
the running over of the sense and grammatical structure from one verse line or couplet to the next without a punctuated pause
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme and that are written to the same meter, or pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
a line brought to a pause at which the end of a verse line coincides with the completion of a sentence, clause, or other independent unit of syntax. It is the opposite of enjambment.
the pattern of measured sound-units recurring more or less regularly in lines of verse
a metrical foot consisting of two syllables, an unaccented syllable followed by an accented as in the word invade.
( ́ ̆)
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter, which must not be confused with free verse
poetry that is free of rhyme and meter resembling natural speech
a usually short, personal poem expressing the poet's emotions and thoughts rather than telling a story
a form of narrative poetry that presents a single dramatic episode, which is often tragic or violent
a kind of poem in which a single fictional or historical character other than the poet speaks to a silent audience of one or more persons. Such poems reveal not the poet's own thoughts, but the mind of the impersonated character.
a long narrative poem celebrating the great deeds of one or more legendary heroes in a grand style
a fourteen-line lyric poem in iambic pentameter
rhyme scheme of abab, cdcd, efef, gg (a/k/a Shakespearean sonnet)
rhyme scheme of abba, abba, cde, cde (a/k/a Petrarchan sonnet)
an elaborately formal lyric poem, often in the form of a lengthy address to a person or abstract entity, always serious and elevated in tone
the statement of something as something else; the substitution of one thing for another thing- usually two dissimilar things
the comparison of two things using like or as
a metaphor that is sustained for several lines or that becomes the controlling image of an entire poem
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions. Personification is used to make these abstractions, animals, or objects appear more vivid to the reader.
analyzing the meter in lines of poetry by counting and marking the accented and unaccented syllables, and dividing the lines into metrical feet
poetry as distinct from prose. The term is usually more neutral than poetry, indicating that the technical requirements of rhythm and meter are present, while poetic merit may or may not be present.
the Italian term for the turn in the argument or mood of a (Italian/Petrarchan) sonnet, occurring between the octave and the sestet in the 9th line
language referring to something that can be perceived through one or more of the senses
the making of pictures in words
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