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Early English Colonies

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John White
Artist who helped start Roanoke. He sailed back to England for supplies, and when he returned Roanoke had vanished.
Roanoke
The Lost Colony in North Carolina--no one knows what happened.
Virginia Dare
John White's granddaughter and the first English person to be born in America.
Croatoan
The word found by John White when he returned to Roanoke. It could mean the Croatoan Native Americans or the Croatoan Island.
Richard Hakluyt
English geographer that encouraged England to start colonies in America.
Sir Walter Raleigh
A soldier and adventurer who sponsored the colony of Roanoke by himself.
Joint Stock Company
When more than one investor pools their money into a project.
Virginia Company of London and Plymouth
Joint Stock Companies set up to start English colonies in America.
Jamestown
First permanent English colony--it was settled on the coast of Virginia.
John Smith
"If you don't work, you don't eat."
Powhattan
Native American Tribe that Jamestown struggled with. Sometimes they helped and sometimes they battled.
Indentured Servants
Men and women who paid for their voyage to America with years of labor.
House of Burgesses
First representative government in America
John Rolfe
Developed high-grade tobacco that England wanted. This helped Jamestown survive.
He also married Pocahontas
Pocahontas
Peace maker between the Powhattan and Jamestown
Nathaniel Bacon
Freed Indentured Servant who fought against governor of Jamestown for equal rights for the the poor (other newly freed indentured servants).
King Philip
also known as Metacom
Chief of the Wamponoag
Fought and died in war against the Puritans
Anne Hutchinson
Believed you could worship without church, minister or Bible.
Was thrown out of Puritan village and moved to Rhode Island.
Roger Williams
Minister who was thrown out of Puritan village because he didn't like forced church attendance.
Founded the first Baptist church in America and the colony of Rhode Island.
Peter Stuyvesant
Governor of New Netherlands.
Duke of York
Brother to King Charles.
Took over New Netherlands and changed it to New York.
William Penn
Quaker who founded Pennsylvania
James Oglethorpe
Founder of Georgia.
Created it as a Debtor's Colony
Blackbeard
Famous pirate who smuggled goods from colonists
Eliza Lucas
Introduced indigo as a plantation crop
William Byrd II
Famous plantation owner
Mayflower Compact
Document the Pilgrims signed stating that all would follow the rules for the good of the colony.
New England Way
All work and no play
Great Migration
Huge number of Puritans moving around the world.
Many settled in the New World.
Pilgrims
Group of colonists who wanted to separate from the Church of England and start a whole new church.
Puritans
Group of colonists who wanted to fix/reform/renew the Church of England.
Quakers
Group of colonists who believed in peace and harmony with everyone
Royal Colony
When a colony is funded by the King or Queen
Sole-Proprietor Colony
When a colony is funded by one person
Stono Rebellion
Fight between slaves and plantation owners that caused stricter rules for future slaves
Subsistence Farming
Growing just enough for your family to use.
Cash Crops
Growing enough to sell at market
Plantation Farming
Growing so much that you need many laborers
Dubious
Wavering or hesitating
Relish
to really like something a lot
alleged
stated, but not proven
countenance
facial expression
slander
to lie about someone
vehemently
rage or anger
intercede
to step in and plead for someone
remit
to forgive