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Unit 1: Civil War, Reconstruction, & Westward Expansion

Terms in this set (35)

States' Rights & Territories: Tariffs on imports were seen as unfair by southerners because the
South imported more goods than the North. Another controversial issue was the expansion of
slavery into newly formed territories (see Compromise of 1850 & Kansas-Nebraska Act). The South
believed state regulations came before federal regulations.

Slavery Issue: Southerners saw slavery as necessary for their agrarian economy. Northern
abolitionists believed slavery was morally wrong. See the Dred Scott decision and Uncle Tom's
Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Final Catalysts: The free state-slave state balance enabled by the Compromise of 1850 proved
difficult with western expansion. Violence arose due to the divisions caused by the Kansas-Nebraska
Act ("Bleeding Kansas"). The election of Abraham Lincoln outraged the South and they no longer
felt they had representation in the federal government. Southern states began to secede in protest.
The South fired against northern-held Fort Sumter beginning the war.

Economic Impact: Most of the war was fought in the South leaving many parts of it destroyed. This
included roads, transportation systems, and schools. Major cities were in ruins and the South's
economy was slow to industrialize. The South suffered huge losses in its labor force. While the
South struggled to rebuild, the industrial economies of the North and Midwest boomed rapidly.
Social Impact: The Emancipation Proclamation freed Confederate slaves, and allowed African-
Americans to serve in the military. The Civil War offered women new opportunities. With many
men away at war, women made progress in many professions once dominated by men. The most
notable role for women was nursing.