Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
29th president of the US; Republican; "Return to Normalcy" (life as it had been before WWI-peace, isolation); presidency was marred by scandal
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
Sacco and Vanzetti
In 1920 these two men were convicted of murder and robbery. They were found guilty and died in the electric chair. Italian anarchists
Fordney- McCumber Tariff
This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper
"The business of America is business", 30th president
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin
early movie stars
Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, Countee Cullen
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis
Lost generation writers
people didn't want children to be taught evolution
followed Laissez- faire, didn't intervene during great deperession
the day the depression started to show signs
Hawley- Smoot Tariff
incredibly high tariff rate, killed international trade
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
gave 2 billion to states, banks, and insurance companies for self liquidating projects. Plan worked but 2 billion wasnt enough
The Grapes of Wrath
The Dust Bowl
A series of major sandstorms that buried houses, destroyed farmland and killed livestock in the Great Plains in the 1930's
Franklin D Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
The 100 days
first 3 months of FDR's presidency; initiated new deal
Emergency Banking Act
closed down insolvent banks and reorganize and reopen those banks strong enough to survive.
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
insurance for bank deposits; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
regulates stock market; securities and exchange commission
(civilian conservation corps) puts young men to work
(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.
Agricultural Adjustment Act; wanted farmers to make less food; ruled unconstitutional by supreme court
The new deal
1933-1937 Government sponsored programs implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to revitalize the economy and alleviate poverty and despair caused by the Depression.
socialist, radical, EPIC (end poverty in California)
Charles Coughlin, Francis Townsend, Huey Long
had radical ideas ending depression
National Recovery Administration: established and adminstered a system of industrial codes to control production, prices, labor relations, and trade practices
Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs.
wanted to employ artists
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
Mary McLeod Bethune
highest ranking African American woman in congress
John Maynard Keynes
Keynes Economics- wanted government to spend money
Fair Labor Standards Act
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
1936 election; lost horribly to FDR
American First Committee
Lindbergh and anti- war people
Province in northeast China invaded by Japan in September 1931
Good Neighbor Policy
foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power.
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
decided that it was banker's and rich people's fault for WWI
where WWII started
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents
invaded in 1939
destroyed by Germans in 6 weeks
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
Lend- lease act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Spanish colony, Philippines wanted independence. America destroyed Spanish fleet, America captured Manila with help from Filipino rebels, led by Emilio Aguinaldo.
(FDR) , 1941 United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
US kicked Japanese butt in pacific ocean
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
George F Kennan
Believed the US should resist Soviet attempts to expand power and influence. "the father of containment"
gave money to Europe for reconstruction
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
National Security Act
Passed in 1947 in response to perceived threats from the Soviet Union after WWII. It established the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and National Security Council.
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
Taft Hartley Act
Expected winner of the 1948 election. He was the Republican Nominee.
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
(FDR) United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy, Casablanca and the defeat of Nazi Germany
37th U.S. President. 1969-1974 (Resigned). Republican
..., The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,