35 terms

Chapter 12 part2

12.3-12.4
STUDY
PLAY
coelacanth
paddlelike pectoral and pelvic fins connect fish to amphibians
mola
largest bony fish; lie on side near surface; large dorsal and anal fins
anglerfish/viperfish
wide-opening mouths; bioluminescence
sea horse
wrap tails around substrates; male carries eggs; snout for eating
flounder
eyes migrate to one side; camouflage
porcupine fish
spike; inflates stomach
flying fish
caudal fin launches out of water; pectoral fins used to glide
how to determine age in bony fish
counting bands of circuli
skin adaptation
secrete mucus to cover scales
functions of mucus
barrier against infection; reduces friction
operculum
covering over gills
direction of water for breathing
in through mouth out of gills
gill rakers
structure to keep food out of gills
nekton
marine animals that swim
use of dorsal/anal fins
stabilization
use of pectoral/pelvic fins
direction
use of caudal fin
thrust
fastest fish
swordfish
second fastest fish
tuna
third fastest fish
dolphinfish
slowest fish
barracuda
factors of speed in fish
shape; caudal fin height; body temperature
ectothermic
cold-blooded
swim bladder
controls buoyancy in fish
neutral buoyancy
ability to maintain neutral buoyancy
digestive system
one way
ways to eliminate waste
anus; gills; urinary pores
circulatory system
closed
ways to respond to the environment
inner ear, lateral line organ, swim bladder, nares, eyes
spawning
release of gametes into water
first stage of life cycle
egg stage
second stage of life cycle
larval stage
third stage of life cycle
postlarval stage
fourth stage of life cycle
juvenille stage
fifth stage of life cycle
adult stage