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Terms in this set (20)
Homestead Act of 1862
allowed that any adult citizen had the ability, if one so desired, to claim 160 acres of western territory
Timber Culture Act of 1873
This act allowed a homesteader to claim an additional 160 acres of land on the condition that he would plant trees on 40 of the acres
Desert Land Act of 1877
This act allowed an individual to claim 640 acres of land on the condition that he would begin irrigating his land.
Timber and Stone Act of 1878
This act allowed a citizen or immigrant to purchase up to 160 acres of western forest land for $2.50 an acre.
Pacific Railway Act of 1862
provided loans for the construction of a transcontinental railroad
Morril Act of 1862
western states are able to establish colleges for their citizens which emphasized agricultural and mechanical arts
Non-intercourse Act of 1834
stated that there would be no alienation or interference between the U.S. citizens and the Native Americans, specifically claiming their land for more.
Indian Removal Act of 1830
authorized the president to negotiate with Indian tribes in Southern U.S for their removal to federal territory
Dawes Act of 1887
provided the allotment of lands to various Native American reservations. It also recognized the Indian as an individual rather than a member of a tribe
attempts by the United States to remove the Native Americans from their land was the attempt to "Americanize" the Native Americans into the ways of a U.S. citizen
Jim Crow Laws
which were laws of racial segregation
Plessey vs. Ferguson
deemed unconstitutional actions by the school, abolishing segregation there, then eventually all public facilities
stated that African Americans in the South would sustain an occupation but subject to white political ruling, and the South would provide the African Americans with a basic education and a due process in law.
one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Government issues paper money and bonds, didn't work out and didn't establish a central bank
Bland- Allison Act
provided for freer coinage of silver, passed house not senate, offered a revised version.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
supplanted the Bland-Allison Act; purchased twice as much silver and added to money in circulation. Repealed in 1893 after the panic of 1893.
Haymarket Riot of 1886
national strike for an 8 hour workday, police came firing on strikers outside of McCormick Harvester factory, moved to Haymarket Square, strikers threw a bomb, killing an officer and 6 more officers died in the fight, Knights ceased to be any more of a major force.
1887 Interstate Commerce
made the railroads the first industry subject to Federal regulation
Sherman Anti-trust Act
Prohibited trusts, was tried at smaller levels but only Congress could make it large-scaled due to their constitutional power to regulate commerce.
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