Unit 6 - Biology
a living thing
• Made of cells
• Organic molecules
• Use energy
• Respond to environment
• Have a life cycle
when an organism changes and becomes more complicated
when organisms make offspring (children) that are similar to the parents
when an animal's body changes dramatically from one form to another form
a physical characteristic passed down from parents to children
a trait or behavior that helps an organism to survive in its environment or to reproduce
an inherited behavior that the organism performs correctly the first time
a non-inherited behavior that requires practice and experience
a seasonal behavior when all of an animal's body processes slow down for the winter
(The body uses up stored fat instead of having to eat.)
a seasonal behavior when plants slow their activity in response to cold weather
Ex. Some trees lose their leaves in the fall
the seasonal journey of an animal from one place to another and back
(During cold seasons, animals move to a warmer climate to find food and warmth.)
Their function is to take in water and nutrients from the soil, and to hold the plant in place.
Its function is to transport water and nutrients up and down through the plant, and to support the plant.
Their function is to produce food for the plant through photosynthesis.
flower, fruit, and seeds (structures)
Their function is to help the plant reproduce.
an organism that turns the sun's energy into food
an organism that gets energy from eating other organisms
eats both meat and vegetables
eats only meat
eats only plants
an organism that kills and eats another for food
an organism that is killed and eaten by another for food
a carnivore that eats the bodies of dead organisms (does not kill them itself)
an organism that breaks down the dead bodies of organisms and returns their nutrients to the soil
The process in which plants make food for themselves. They use energy from the sun, carbon dioxide, and water to make sugar (glucose) and oxygen.
the place where an organism lives and all the resources the organism depends on
all the organisms in an area, plus the non-living parts of their environment (air, water, etc.)
a group of organisms belonging to the same species and living in the same area
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