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19 terms

Literary Terms II

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Lyric poem
short poem uttered by a single speaker
Metaphor
a poetic device of comparison of two things without using a direct comparison (like or as)
Meter
a pattern of accented and unaccented syllables to create rhythm
Octameter
a metric line that contains 8 feet of patterned syllables
Onomatopoeia
a poetic device describing words that sound like what they mean
Oxymoron
juxtapostion of two words which when considered separately are contradictory but form a complete unit of thought
Paradox
a statement that seems contradictory, yet may be interpreted in a way that makes sense
Pastoral
a poem expressing the supposed peace and simplicity of rural life in an idealized setting
Personification
a poetic device which assigns human characteristics to a non-human thing
Pun
a play on words that seem similar in sound but have diverse meanings
Quatrain
a four line stanza
Rhythm
recognizable patterns of stresses or accents in a stream of speech or line of poetry
Simile
a poetic device whereby two unlike things are compared using "like or as"
Sonnet
a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of fourteen iambic pentameter lines liked by an intricate rhyme scheme
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem that are somehow connected either by idea or form
Symbol
anything which signifies something else
Verse
lines of poetry
Tone
expression of a literary speaker's attitude to his listener; mood
Voice
a persuasive authorial presence throughout a work of literature