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43 terms

HUSH TEST 3 PART 2

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Townshend Acts
A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea.
Writs of Assistance
Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search. The _____ could be used anywhere, anytime, as often as desired. The officials did not need to prove that there was reasonable cause to believe that the person subject to the search had committed a crime or might have possession of contraband before getting a writ or searching a house. The _____were protested by the colonies.
The writs of assistance
What were the colonists so angry about during the townshend acts?
external
How was the tax described by the brits?
He believed that if they taxed them on goods that were imported(external) the colonists would not mind it, instead of being taxed on things that are made in the colonies.
What did Charles Townshend incorrectly believe to be the reason why the colonists hated the Stamp Act so much and thus why would they be willing to accept the Townshend Acts?
the taxes were also to antagonize and upset the colonies.
What was the other reason why the Brits taxed the colonists.
Lord North
Prime Minister of England from 1770 to 1782. Although he repealed the Townshend Acts, he allowed the quatering acts to expire, made new law.
New Law (Lord North)
Which law allowed Great Britain to pay the salaries of colonial governors and judges in MA.
They feared that the governors and judges will do what Great Britain wants them to do.
Why did the colonists disapprove of the new law?
Committee of Correspondence
Allowed colonists to be informed of when their rights are violated; made up of 21 colonists; useful for people down South; trying to keep everyone a patriot.
Boston Massacre
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed.
The colonists provoked them to do this, tension b/c of taxes, self defense, americans attacking Brit troops
What were some of the causes of the Boston Massacre, why did this happen?
Crispus Attucks
Killed in Boston Massacre, black laborer, only African-American person killed in Boston Massacre supposedly the first person to be killed in the massacre.
To show that they can give a fair trial in America, innocent till proven guilty
Why did John Adams and Josaiah Quincy defend the British soldiers?
John Adams and Josaiah Quincy
Defended the 9 British soldiers, their argument was self defense.
NO
Did captain preston order the soldiers to shoot?
branding
marked by burning the skin with a hot iron
2 soldiers were branded
What the verdict of the Boston Massacre?
Tea Act of 1773
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party (with date).
The Boston Tea Party
Results of the Tea Act: (1773) Colonists in Boston throws millions of dollars of tea off of British ships in protest of their Tea Tax and Boston Massacre.Sons of Liberty
Mass. Governor
Who refused the colonists demands to send back to Britain 3 shiploads of tea?
Coercive Acts of 1774
called the Intolerable Acts by colonist, restricted rights of colonist in Mass. to hold town meetings, required all colonist to provide food and housing to British soldiers living in colonies, increased power of governor.
To stop colonists from rebelling, response to boston tea party.
Why was the coercive acts passed?
Quebec Act of 1774
to further punish the colonies disobeyment and disrespect. Extends boundries in the Ohio River Valley south into America taking land away from colonists and gave it to the Quebec colony.
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Declaration of Resolves
statement adopted by the First Continental Congress on October 14, 1774, in response to the Intolerable Acts passed by the British Parliament. The Declaration outlined colonial objections to the Intolerable Acts, listed a colonial bill of rights, and provided a detailed list of grievances.
General Thomas Gage
British general in the Revolution. He was commander in chief of the North American forces and military governor of the Province of MA Bay.
Port Bill
Britain closed Boston Harbor until the colonists would pay the money they owed the British East India Company.
Government Act
prohibited any public meeting and abolished MA. state legislature.
Administration of Justice Act
said any British soldier or royal official would be tried in UK.
They were upset because if they were tried in America the trial would be fair and in Britain it would be favored
Why were the colonists upset by the Administration of justice Act?
1. Expressed loyalty to Britain(i.e if you continue, we will boycott ur goods)2. Continue to boycott English goods
3.Right to legislate themselves Direct Rep.
4. Meet again in 1775 if their demands arent met.
What was the Final Resolution-Declaration of resolves?
John Dickinson
Quaker from Pa in the continental congress, protested against the revolution believed that the problem should be approached peacefully, a peaceful settlement.
British empire vs. Independence
Who were the groups who brought tension?
moderates
sat in the center of the hall and wanted some changes in government, but not as many as the radicals.
unified them ( committee let other colonies know of the way MA was being treated, got many to fight)
What did the coercive acts do to help bring the colonies together?
Georgia
Which colony did not participate in the protests against the Brits, they were loyalists and were not as effected as the other colonies?
loyalists- thought it was disrespectful, awful, destroyed property.
Patriots- thought heck yeah, that right if you hurt our rights then we'll hurt you
How did the colonists reactions to the BTP differ?
As indians to show b/c it was savage couldn't get arrested?
How did the Sons of Liberty dress up as during the BTP?
It caused merchants to go bankrupt
To whom did the tea act effect?
He was disguted by it, he thought that they should listen to him because he is king not them.
How did King George react to the Final Resolution?
General Thomas Gage
Who was sent to put down the rebellion?
James Otis
a young lawyer in Boston, argued that colonists should not be taxed by Parliament because they could not vote for members of Parliament. "no taxation without colonist representation"