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APUSH Ch. 29
Terms in this set (39)
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
A making up or payment for a wrong or damage done, especially in the case of an international war
Washington Armaments Conference
Leaders of nine world powers met in 1921-22 to discuss the naval race; resulting treaties limited to a specific ratio the carrier and battleship tonnage of each nation (Five-Power Naval Treaty), formally ratified the Open Door to China (Nine-Power Treaty), and agreed to respect each other's Pacific territories (Four-Power Treaty).
Charles Evans Hughes
President Harding's Secretary of state who proposed to scale down navies of America and Britian
Five-Power Naval Treaty
it was discussed in the Washington Conference, it put limitations on weapons and military in US, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.
an agreement between 15 nations outlawing war; eventually 48 other nations joined the pact; had no way of enforcing peace
"Good Neighbor" Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
1931- state department issues a new policy repudiating the right of the U.S. to intervene in Latin America under the Roosevelt Corollary--> "Good Neighbor policy"
1932, Hoover's Secretary of State said the US would not recognize territorial changes resulting from Japan's invasion of Manchuria
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
german leader of Nazi Party. 1933-1945. rose to power by promoting racist and national views
Secretary of State under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and founder of the United Nation.
name of the territory in which Hitler sent troops into in defiance of the Versailles treaty in 1935.
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)
The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.
agreement between Chamberlain and Hitler that Germany would not conquer any more land, and if did, would declare war
Neutrality Act of 1935
This act made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war in preparation to a militaristic world
Republican of North Dakota, headed a 1934-1936 Senate investigation, which concluded that banking and munition interests, whom it called "merchants of death", had tricked the US into war to protect their loans and weapon sales to England and France
policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
1937 act that would make war declaration possible only by popular referendum, narrowly defeated
Fall of France
June 1940 France and most of Europe was conquered by Germany. Left Britain alone against Hitler
Battle of Britain
The prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
America First Committee
A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country.
Franklin Roosevelt's Republican opponent in the 1940 Presidential election.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
"arsenal of democracy"
Referred to America's Ability to supply its European allies with war supplies prior to the U.S. entry into WWII.
allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
Battle of the Atlantic
longest military campaign; German U-boats attack US ships-> allied ships to stop trade and supplies
agreement between axis leaders to fight soviet Communism and not to stop each other from making foreign conquests
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan) where they pledged to help the others in the event of an attack by the US
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Starting point of WW2 in Pacific which mostly between US and Japanese. A "date which will live in infamy" -- Dec. 7, 1941 -- 3,000 casualties & fleet destroyed, this led to the U.S. entry into the war
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin - leaders of the allies.
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