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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Robert Boyle
  2. Scientific Revolution
  3. Paracelsus
  4. tariffs
  5. Andreas Vesalius
  1. a • Import taxes making foreign goods cost more
    • Supposed to make citizens buy their own state's goods
    • Large aspect of mercantilism
  2. b • Swiss Alchemist, 1493-1541
    • Believed matter composed of three principles; salt, sulfur, and mercury
    • Discovered disease had its own cause and cure, prescribed ingestion of distilled metals
    • Influential to new medicine ideas and chemistry
  3. c • English 1627-1691, wrote "The Skeptical Chymist" 1661
    • Rejected Aristotelian and Paracelsian views / 4 humors and 3 principles
    • Developed Boyle's Law (V/P) and the air pump
    • Favored atomic explanation of particles
  4. d • Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V
  5. e • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • A period of new scientific inquiry, experimentation, and discovery
    • Tested the limits of ancient knowledge
    • Sought explanations for contradictions
    • Materialistic and Mathematical
    o Calculation replaces common sense
    o Earthly view of composition of Universe

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • French philosopher and mathematician (1596-1650), proved Galileo's views through math
    • "Discourse on Method" 1637 skepticism could lead to certainty, "I think therefore I am"
    • Known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy"
    • Invented the Cartesian coordinate system; Cartesianism
    • The dual existence of matter and mind
  2. • Caused by conflict over Spanish heir
    • William III of England reformed the Grand Alliance against France and Spain
    • England and Holland provided navy and money
    • Ended by Treaty of Utrecht
  3. • English, 1578-1657
    • Discovered heart's function as a pump
    • Discovered heart's chambers
    • Reasoned that blood circulated the entire body
  4. • 1606-1669
    • Greatest Dutch artist of the seventeenth century
    • Interested by human character, emotion, and self-revelation
    • Painted portraits of wealthy middle class merchants
    • Painted The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp in 1632
    • Drew human bodies through dissections which gave us a better understanding of the human anatomy
  5. • Distribution of power among nations in an alliance
    • Was meant so that one nation could not dominate the others

5 True/False questions

  1. Nicolaus Copernicus• 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit


  2. Galileo Galilei• Popular light cotton cloth
    • Traded from India to Europe


  3. Hermes Trismegistus• Supposed Egyptian, lived during 2nd Century BC
    • Influential mystical traditions
    • Believed in universal spirit present everywhere
    • Taught high magic and alchemy


  4. Bills of Exchange• Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency


  5. Treaty of Nijmengen• Ended mercantile wars between France and an alliance of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • Signed in 1678