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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Scientific Revolution
  2. Cartesianism
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. War of Spanish Succession
  5. Navigation Acts
  1. a • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • A period of new scientific inquiry, experimentation, and discovery
    • Tested the limits of ancient knowledge
    • Sought explanations for contradictions
    • Materialistic and Mathematical
    o Calculation replaces common sense
    o Earthly view of composition of Universe
  2. b • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun
  3. c • Caused by conflict over Spanish heir
    • William III of England reformed the Grand Alliance against France and Spain
    • England and Holland provided navy and money
    • Ended by Treaty of Utrecht
  4. d • English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies
  5. e • Derived by Rene Descartes
    • Rested on the dual existence of matter and mind
    • Matter was subject to the mathematical laws
    • Mind was the spirit of the creator

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency
  2. • Italian, 1564-1642
    • Created telescope by using magnifying lenses and long tube
    • Discovered four moons of Jupiter, giving evidence that celestial bodies didn't revolve around Earth
    • Wrote A Dialogue Between the Two Great Systems of the World in 1633
    • Catholic Church deemed him anti-Christian, tried by Inquisition de España
  3. • Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V
  4. • Import taxes making foreign goods cost more
    • Supposed to make citizens buy their own state's goods
    • Large aspect of mercantilism
  5. • Italian, early form of checking with bills of transfer
    • Money is stored in an account
    • Got rid of need for bullion being carried
    • Easier and safer

5 True/False questions

  1. Nicolaus Copernicus• 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit


  2. Sir Isaac Newton• English, 1643-1727
    • Mathematician, physician, and astronomer
    • United physics and astronomy
    • Developed calculus, created laws of motion, inertia, composition of light, built reflecting telescope, universal law of gravitation
    • Studied in the Royal Society in London


  3. Bills of Exchange• Basic form of checking, replaced precious metals, uniformly accepted
    • Had the disadvantage that the account may be empty by the time the bill was cashed
    • Used in the giro banking system


  4. Tycho Brahe• Dutch innovation in shipbuilding
    • Cheap to build and manned by small crews
    • Greatly increased ability for international trade
    • Sacrificed mobility in order to carry larger loads


  5. monopoly• The use and study of metal through means of purification by fire to find 'essence'
    • Belief that matter could be understood and transformed