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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Galileo Galilei
  2. Nicolaus Copernicus
  3. Flyboats
  4. Sir Isaac Newton
  5. Seven Years' War
  1. a • English, 1643-1727
    • Mathematician, physician, and astronomer
    • United physics and astronomy
    • Developed calculus, created laws of motion, inertia, composition of light, built reflecting telescope, universal law of gravitation
    • Studied in the Royal Society in London
  2. b • Dutch innovation in shipbuilding
    • Cheap to build and manned by small crews
    • Greatly increased ability for international trade
    • Sacrificed mobility in order to carry larger loads
  3. c • Italian, 1564-1642
    • Created telescope by using magnifying lenses and long tube
    • Discovered four moons of Jupiter, giving evidence that celestial bodies didn't revolve around Earth
    • Wrote A Dialogue Between the Two Great Systems of the World in 1633
    • Catholic Church deemed him anti-Christian, tried by Inquisition de España
  4. d • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit
  5. e • War over colonies all around the world
    • Between England and France
    • Took place in North American mainland, west Indian sugar plantations, and eastern India
    • Britain is overall victor, eventually became global imperial power

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies
  2. • Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V
  3. • English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science
  4. • Distribution of power among nations in an alliance
    • Was meant so that one nation could not dominate the others
  5. • Italian, early form of checking with bills of transfer
    • Money is stored in an account
    • Got rid of need for bullion being carried
    • Easier and safer

5 True/False questions

  1. monopoly• When one company controls most or all of the trade in a good
    • Good for mercantilism
    • Often supported by governments Ex. Dutch East India Company
    • Ex. Hanseatic League

          

  2. Nine Years' War• Distribution of power among nations in an alliance
    • Was meant so that one nation could not dominate the others

          

  3. Bank of England• Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency

          

  4. Johannes Kepler• Distribution of power among nations in an alliance
    • Was meant so that one nation could not dominate the others

          

  5. Bills of Exchange• Basic form of checking, replaced precious metals, uniformly accepted
    • Had the disadvantage that the account may be empty by the time the bill was cashed
    • Used in the giro banking system