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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. entrepôt
  2. Nicolaus Copernicus
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Peace of Paris
  5. Paracelsus
  1. a • France gave Britain Canada for return of west Indian islands
    • Stopped France's ascendancy
    • Made in 1763
  2. b • Swiss Alchemist, 1493-1541
    • Believed matter composed of three principles; salt, sulfur, and mercury
    • Discovered disease had its own cause and cure, prescribed ingestion of distilled metals
    • Influential to new medicine ideas and chemistry
  3. c • Created by the Dutch
    • Place where goods were brought for storage before being traded
  4. d • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit
  5. e • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • 1606-1669
    • Greatest Dutch artist of the seventeenth century
    • Interested by human character, emotion, and self-revelation
    • Painted portraits of wealthy middle class merchants
    • Painted The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp in 1632
    • Drew human bodies through dissections which gave us a better understanding of the human anatomy
  2. • Derived by Rene Descartes
    • Rested on the dual existence of matter and mind
    • Matter was subject to the mathematical laws
    • Mind was the spirit of the creator
  3. • English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science
  4. • Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency
  5. • English 1627-1691, wrote "The Skeptical Chymist" 1661
    • Rejected Aristotelian and Paracelsian views / 4 humors and 3 principles
    • Developed Boyle's Law (V/P) and the air pump
    • Favored atomic explanation of particles

5 True/False questions

  1. Andreas Vesalius• Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V


  2. Treaty of Utrecht• Ended mercantile wars between France and an alliance of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • Signed in 1678


  3. Mercantilism• More money = more power
    • Limited amount of money in the world
    • Wanted as big a 'piece of the pie' as possible
    • Colonies are solely for the mother country
    • Tariffs and taxes


  4. joint-stock company• Basic form of checking, replaced precious metals, uniformly accepted
    • Had the disadvantage that the account may be empty by the time the bill was cashed
    • Used in the giro banking system


  5. Treaty of Nijmengen• Ended War of Spanish of Succession
    • Created quarter-century of peace in Europe
    • Resolved a number of trading issues, all favoring Britain