The Nineteenth State
So, the United States is now a "thing," Ohio has become a territory-seeking-statehood breaking off from the Northwest Territory, and the Indiana Territory has become the nation's hottest real estate prospect! Let's talk about statehood!
Terms in this set (45)
The year that Indiana became a state.
Indiana was the _________________th state in the United States.
Indiana's first state capital city.
Indiana's first state governor.
A law that would enable, or allow, a territory to become a state. It must be passed by Congress.
When seeking statehood, this is a meeting of territorial representatives that produces a state constitution.
This terms means "a set of laws."
This terms means "a law passed by Congress."
This territory includes the present-day states of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
Indiana's population in the year 1815.
Population needed for a territory needed to become a state.
The year that Indianapolis became Indiana's state capital.
The lands in central Indiana that was needed for Hoosiers to move north from the Ohio River. (Zionsville is right in the middle of this "purchase," by the way.)
Treaty of St. Mary's
Jonathan Jennings, in 1818, traveled to St. Mary's, Ohio, on the St. Mary's River, and he negotiated this treaty that all but forced the Miami to give up their lands in central Indiana (what became known as the New Purchase).
He would become our 16th president during the Civil War, he was seven years old when Indiana became a state and his father moved him from Kentucky to southern Indiana in 1816.
This term means "to come to a new country from one's homeland."
This term means "a person who moves to another country."
German-speaking Pennsylvanians who moved to Indiana around 1816 and continue to live here today.
An unofficial year that marks the "end of Indiana's frontier," and by this year there was over 988,000 people Hoosiers.
The head of a state's executive branch (national equivalent: president).
The name for the head of Indiana's legislative branch (national equivalent: Congress).
Indiana Supreme Court
The name for the head of the Indiana's judicial branch (national equivalent: U.S. Supreme Court).
the steps toward statehood
1. Borders defined as neighbors break off
2. Indiana's population grows to 63,000
3. Johnathan Jennings goes to D.C. to as permission to become a state and to start the Enabling Act
4. Indiana Constitution written under Constitution Elm
three branches of government
legislative, executive, judicial
New Purchase/Treaty of St. Mary's
1. Miami Indians gave up land
2. Indians received money, salt, mills and tools
How Indian life changed after New Purchase
Indians could only hunt in certain areas
Where did immigrants come from to settle in Indiana
Ireland, Switzerland, Germany; from south Indiana, Amish from Pennsylvania
the first Swiss settlement in Indiana
when Indiana grew and was no longer a frontier land
1. population 988,500
2. built roads, factories, cities
Amish way of life
very simple, farming community
Order Indiana settled
first South, then Central, lastNorth
Jonathan Jennings asked Congress
Create Enabling Act so an area could become a state
December 11, 1816
rights provided by Indiana constitution
basic rights, including freedom of religion and speech
3 important points in Indiana constitution
1. 3 branches
2. protect basic rights, including religion and speech
3. outlawed slavery
they escaped slavery to come to the free state of Indiana
if fugitive slaves caught
sent back to south to slavery
perfect society where government and laws work to make everyone happy
led Harmonists from Germany to Pennsylvania, then to Indiana, build Harmonie near Wabash River
renamed Harmonie to New Harmony, wanted to create utopia
Trail of Death
U.S. soldiers lead 800 Potawatomi Indians on March to Kansas in 1838. It was difficult and 42 Indians died, mostly children.
Why African Americans came to Indiana in 1800s
to be free of slavery
Rights being denied African Americans
become citizens, vote, children could not attend public school