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31 terms

Houghton Mifflin History Social Science Chapter 3 Social Studies Age of Exploration

Houghton Mifflin History Social Science Lessons 1-5
STUDY
PLAY
Caravan
A group of people and animals that travel together
Kingdom
A place ruled by a king or queen
Merchant
Someone who buy and sells goods to earn money
Technology
The use of scientific knowledge and tools to do things better and more rapidly
Profit
Money left over after all thee expenses have been paid
Navigation
The science of planning and controlling the direction of the ship
Slavery
A cruel system in which people are bought and sold and made to work without pay
Astrolabe
A navigation tool that measures the height of the sun or a star against the horizon
Settlement
A small community of people living in a new place
Epidemic
An outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly and affects many people
Circumnavigate
To sail completely around something
Expedition
A journey to achieve something
Empire
Many nations or territories ruled by a single group or leader
Conquistador
Spanish word for conqueror, a soldier
Colony
A territory ruled by another country
Mission
A religious community where priests taught Christianity
Hacienda
A large farm or ranch, often with its own church and village
Before 1500 most people in Europe , Africa and Asia did not know that the ________ existed.
Americas
_____ _______ spent 16 years working for the king of China.
Marco Polo
_____ ______ brought a giraffe from Africa back to China.
Zheng He
Europeans learned about the compass and gunpowder from the ______.
Chinese
The ___ _____ meant ideas could spread faster.
Printing press
New ____ tools meant new sea routes could be explored.
Navigation
The European and American trade
From Europe: Cattle, horses, pigs, bananas, sheep, and coffee beans

From Americas: Corn, tomato, potato, squash, peanuts, and cacao (chocolate)
Cause: Cortes met many people that were enemies of the Aztecs.

Effect: Cortes convinced them to join him to ____ the Aztecs.
Defeat
Cause: Cortes had armor, guns and horses. The Aztecs did not.

Effect: _____ defeated the _______ and claimed the land for Spain.
1.Cortes 2.Aztecs
Pedro Menendez de Aviles
Started St. Augustine in Florida in 1565
Junipero Serrra
Founded missions on the coast of California in 1769
Don Jaun de Onate
Started a settlement at Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1598
Longitude
Goes north and south
Latitude
Goes east and west