Houghton Mifflin History Social Science
A group of people and animals that travel together
A place ruled by a king or queen
Someone who buy and sells goods to earn money
The use of scientific knowledge and tools to do things better and more rapidly
Money left over after all thee expenses have been paid
The science of planning and controlling the direction of the ship
A cruel system in which people are bought and sold and made to work without pay
A navigation tool that measures the height of the sun or a star against the horizon
A small community of people living in a new place
An outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly and affects many people
To sail completely around something
A journey to achieve something
Many nations or territories ruled by a single group or leader
Spanish word for conqueror, a soldier
A territory ruled by another country
A religious community where priests taught Christianity
A large farm or ranch, often with its own church and village
Before 1500 most people in Europe , Africa and Asia did not know that the ________ existed.
_____ _______ spent 16 years working for the king of China.
_____ ______ brought a giraffe from Africa back to China.
Europeans learned about the compass and gunpowder from the ______.
The ___ _____ meant ideas could spread faster.
New ____ tools meant new sea routes could be explored.
The European and American trade
From Europe: Cattle, horses, pigs, bananas, sheep, and coffee beans
From Americas: Corn, tomato, potato, squash, peanuts, and cacao (chocolate)
Cause: Cortes met many people that were enemies of the Aztecs.
Effect: Cortes convinced them to join him to ____ the Aztecs.
Cause: Cortes had armor, guns and horses. The Aztecs did not.
Effect: _____ defeated the _______ and claimed the land for Spain.
Pedro Menendez de Aviles
Started St. Augustine in Florida in 1565
Founded missions on the coast of California in 1769
Don Jaun de Onate
Started a settlement at Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1598
Goes north and south
Goes east and west