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The spread of Islam to South East Asia was delayed until the fall of the Buddhist trade empire of _________.


What groups in India were most likely to convert to Islam?

Buddhists and low caste Hindus

What groups successfully captured Baghdad in 1055?

Seljuk Turks

How did the Muslim conquerors of Sind treat the Hindu and Buddhist residents of the region?

Hindus and Buddhists were treated as dhimmis

The commander of the First Islamic incursion into the Sind in 711 was __________.


What accounts for the disruption of the agricultural eceonomy of the Abbasid empire?

spiraling taxation, the destruction of the irrigation works, and pillaging by mercenary armies led to destruction and abandonment of many villages

What was the impact of the Crusades on Islam?

there was minimal impact

What was al-Mahdi's attitude towards the Shi'is?

he appealled to the moderate factions of the Shi'is to support the Abbasid dynasty

What ruler was associated with the transition from raiding to the establishment of an Islamic empire in the Indian subcontinent?

Muhammad of Ghur

How did the administration of al-Rashid set a tren for subsequent Abbasid rulers?

He was at the outset of his reign heavily dependant on Persian advisure, a practice that became commonplace thereafter

What group captured Baghdad in 1258?


Name a literary figure of the Abbasid Empire

Ibn Rushd, Sa'di, Omar Khayyam, Firdawsi

The fall of Acre the last Crusade stronghold, occured in what year?


How did Islam spread in Southeast Asia

Through port cities and trade centers on the sea and around the country

What was Harsha's religious policy

Harsha remained loyal to Hinduism and suppressed the Buddhist monasteries in his empire.

What was the nature of Islamic religion that developed in Southeast Asia

It developed a mystical nature that incorporated much of the indigenous religion

What was the impact of the Crusades in the Christian West

Cultures were influenced in things such as words, games, food and songs

How did Hinduism respond to the challenge of Islam

They placed greater emphasis on devotional cults of gods and goddesses that had earlier proved to be so effective in neutralizing the challenge of Buddhism

What groups revolted against Abbasid Rule?

slaves, peasants, shi'as, berbers

What was the fictional account of life in the Court of Caliph of Rashid

The One Thousand and One Nights

Who was the commander of the 1st Islamic incursion

Muhammad ibn Qasim

What was the level of trade in the Abbasid Empire

Trade with Africa, Mediterranean, India, and China continued to flourish

Who were the literary figures during the Abbasid Empire

Omar Khayyam, Ibn Rushd, Ferdawsi, Sa'di

What group captured Baghdad in 1258


The spread of Islam to Southeast Asia was delayed until the fall of this Buddhist trade empire


Why were the practices of seclusion and veiling seen as essential in Islamic society

women were believed to be possessed of insatiable lust from which men had to be protected

What descendant of a Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan led a series of expeditions into India to seize booty in the 11th century?

Muhammad of Ghazi

What are 3 reasons for the decline of the Abbasid empire in the 9th century

the difficulty of compelling local administrators to obey, the difficulty of moving armies across the great distances of the empire, and the retention of regional identities by the population

Why were sufi's effective missionaries in the Indian subcontinent?

They shared much with Indian mystics and wandering ascetics.

What is the Shah-Nama

A poem written in 1010 by Firdawsi. Also known as "Book of Kings".

What was the innovation of the Abbasid court with respect to women?

The establishment of the harem

To what extent did Harsha impose a unified empire on the Indian subcontinent

Harsha controlled the Gangetic plain, but never conquered most of the Indus valley or the Rajputana of Southern India.

What was the result of the civil wars following the death of al-Rashid

Candidates for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers

What accounts for the success of the First Crusade

Muslim political fragmentation and the element of surprise

What was the trend of urbanization during much of the Abbasid Empire

despite political disintegration and a decline in agricultural economy, towns continued to grow rapidly

How did the political center of Islam change after the Mongol Invasion

For the next two centuries after the Mongol Invasion, centers of Islamic power shifted to Egypt and Syria and to a number of etc

How did Islam and Hinduism differ

Islam stressed the egalitarianism of all believers, while Hinduism embraced a caste-based social system

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