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11 terms

Science Oceans Vocab #4

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Oceanic Zone
extends from 200 meters deep all the way down to the bottom of the ocean
Ocean Trench
the deepest parts of the ocean
Photic Zone
the top layer of the ocean where sunlight penetrates
Photosynthesis
a chemical process where plants and algae use a sun's energy to make sugars from carbon dioxide and water
Phytoplankton
the plant and algae component of the plankton
Producer
a living thing that produces its own food within itself, usually by using sunlight energy in photosynthesis
Salinity
the amount of dissolved solids in seawater
Seamount
a volcanic peak that rises at least 3280 feet from the floor
Sustainability
capable of continuing over a long period of time without causing permanent damage
Upwelling
the upward movement to the ocean surface of deeper, cold and usually nutrient-rich waters
Zooplankton
animal component of the plankton that feed on phytoplankton and other zooplankton