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14 terms

7: Cell Parts and their Functions

Name the cell part and their functions. Tell whether it is in an Animal Cell, Plant Cell, or both.
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Cell Membrane
In BOTH types of cells. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.
Chloroplast
In a PLANT CELL. Captures energy from sunlight. Uses energy to produce cell food, which is sugar. Process called photosynthesis.
Cytoplasm
In BOTH types of cells. Houses gel-like fluids that support cell organelles.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to various parts of the cell.
Golgi Body/Complex
In BOTH types of cells. Receives materials from endoplasmic reticulum, distributes materials.
Large Vacuole
In a PLANT CELL. Stores water, food, waste and more for a plant cell.
Lysosome
In an ANIMAL CELL. Contain chemicals that break down certain materials. Breaks down dead cells.
Mitochondria
In BOTH types of cells. Organelle that produce most of the cells energy, which is ATP.
Nuclear Envelope
In BOTH types of cells. Protects the Nucleus. Lets things in and out of the Nucleus.
Nucleolus
In BOTH types of cells. Makes Ribosomes.
Nucleus
In BOTH types of cells. Directs all cell actions, including reproduction.
Ribosome
In BOTH types of cells. Produces proteins.
Small Vacuole
In an ANIMAL CELL. Transport and stores materials, including waste.
Cell Wall
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a plant cell a shape.