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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Double tracking
  2. Discharge petition
  3. Party vote
  4. Franking privilege
  5. Speaker
  1. a Setting aside a bill against which one or more senators are filibustering so that other legislation can be voted on.
  2. b the ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for postage.
  3. c there are two measures of such voting. By the stricter measure, a party vote occurs when 90 percent or more of the Democrats in either house of Congress vote against 90 percent or more of the Republicans. A looser measure counts as a party vote any case where at least 50 percent of the Democrats vote together against at least 50 percent of the Republicans.
  4. d the presiding officer of the House of Representatives and the leader of his party in the House.
  5. e A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had a bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of the members agree, the bill is discharged from the committee. The discharge petition was designed to prevent a committee from killing a bill by holding it for too long.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nay" to their names. When roll calls were handled orally, it was a time-consuming process in the House. Since 1973 an electronic system permits each House member to record his or her vote and learn the total automatically
  2. A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.
  3. a national legislature composed of elected representatives who choose the chief executive (typically, the prime minister).
  4. an expression of congressional opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate but not of the president. Used to settle housekeeping and procedural matters that affect both houses.
  5. a national legislature composed of elected representatives who do not choose the chief executive (typically, a president),

5 True/False questions

  1. FilibusterAmendments on matters unrelated to a bill that are added to an important bill so that they will "ride" to passage through Congress. When a bill has lots of riders, it is called a Christmas-tree bill


  2. Vetoa senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking, rounds up members when important votes are to be taken, and attempts to keep a nose count on how the voting on controversial issues is likely to go.


  3. Select committeescommittees on which both representatives and senators serve. An especially important kind of joint committee is the conference committee made up of representatives and senators appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same piece of legislation before final passage.


  4. Conference committeesSame as joint committees


  5. Joint resolutionA rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Designed to prevent "talking a bill to death" by filibuster. To pass in the Senate, three-fifths of the entire Senate membership (or sixty senators) must vote for it.


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