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45 terms

Islam

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Muhammad
Prophet chosen by angel Gabriel to spread Islam
Abraham
Must sacrifice a chosen son to prove his loyalty to God.
Isaac
Abraham's son the he chose to sacrifice - according to CHRISTIANITY
Ishmael
Abraham's son who he chose to sacrifice - accoring to ISLAM
Hagar
Worked for Muhammad and his wife. Muhammad had son Ishmael with her
Sarah
Muhammad's wife whom he had Isaac with.
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's close friend who took the rule after Muhammad died
Angel Gabriel
Told Muhammad that his job was to spread the word of Allah, one god. All three religions share the story of Gabriel.
The four 'Righty Guided' Caliphs
Abu Bakr - Friend of Muhammad. Chooses Umar to rule on deathbed.

Umar - Assassined in 644 and was Muhammad's greatest enemy. He spread Islam the most over his rule.

Uthman - Assassined by Egyptians in 656

Ali Abi Talib - Murdered in 661
12 Arabian Tribes
Moses/ Jesus
12 Tribes of Israel
Muhammad
Prophet
Interpereter through who the will of God is expressed
Islam
Monotheistic. The Muslim world
Allah
Meaning one God, God=all powerful
Muslim
A member of the nation of Islam, a believer to Islam
Imam
The person who leads prayers in a mosque
Caliph
Political leader of the Islamic Empire
Sunni
Against rule just because of relation to previous ruler. (Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, etc.)
Shi'a
Doesn't care if you rule just because of relation to previous ruler (Iran, Iraq, etc.)
Ka'aba
The simple house of worship in Mecca
The prophets according to Islam
Adam -> Noah -> Abraham -> Moses -> Jesus -> MUHAMMAD
Tawaf
One of the Islamic rituals of Pilgrimage
Kiswah
The black/gold cloth that drapes over the Ka'aba in Mecca
Jamarat
Stoning of the Devil
Ihram
Clothing - draped towels
Shari'a
Islamic Law
Koran
Central religious text of Islam
Umayyads
First great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of Caliphate (661-750 AD)
Abbasids
Second dynasty in Islam (750-1258)
Dome of the Rock
from here Muhammad ascended into heaven
Al-Andalus
A Muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established by the Berbers in the eighth century A.D.
5 Pillars
declaration of faith, praying, fasting, charity, and travel to Mecca and visit the Hajj
What are the characteristics of pre-Islamic Arabia that heped lead to the rise of Islam?
Silk Road = Wealth = Corruption
Shahada
Declaration of faith
Salat
Prayer
Zakat
Alms giving
Sawm
Fasting during Ramamdan
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Circle the Ka'aba
It was an act of the prophet, Abraham
Running between the hills
An act of mother trying to find water for her son, and what a struggle it was.
Mount of Mercy
On the 3rd day of the Hajj Pilgrimage. Muslims sit or stand for an entire day near the Mount of Mercy, asking Allah for forgivness for any sins they are comitted
Stoning on Satan
To get rid of the Devil and all things bad
Circling the Ka'aba
Ritual
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
3 inventions that came from Al-Andalus
1 Foundations; 2 Islamic art; 3 Philosophy; 4 Sciences; 5 Medicine