131 terms

Mid term Sam 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Which of the following is a normal urine pH for a cat?
6.2; 6.0; 7.0; 7.5
6.2
Orphaned kittens no longer need stimulation for urination and defecation at what age?
47 days; 10-14 days; 16-21 days
16-21 days
At what age is a kitten fully able to control its body temperature?
61 days; 45 days; 28 days: 12 days
28 days
Cows milk should not be given to puppies or kittens as a milk replacer because of its:
Low protein and fat levels;
High fat and protein levels;
Low fat and higher protein levels;
High fat and lower protein levels
Low protein and fat levels
What is the normal body temperature does a newborn kittens digestive tract become less functional?
90*
95*
100*
103*
90*
What species is not a social animal and should be housed alone?
Chinchilla
Hamster
Gerbil
Guinea pig
Hamster
Parvovirus causes what disease in cats?
Panleukopenia
Rhinotracheitis
Infectious peritonitis
Infectious anemia
Panleukopenia
Feline distemper is caused by the same type of organism as what canine disease?
Canine distemper
Canine parvovirus
Parainfluenza
Adenovirus type 2
Canine parvovirus
What disease is not characterized by diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration?
Feline infectious enteritis
Feline infectious peritonitis
Feline panleukopenia
Feline distemper
Feline infectious peritonitis
What type of floor is the most difficult to disinfect?
Tile
Cement
Wood
Dirt
Dirt
Which of these signs is not seen in fearful animals?
Constricting pupils
Standing or lying tensely at the rear of the cage
Facing the back corner of the cage
Ears pulled back
Constricting pupils
What condition is not exacerbated by obesity?
Joint problems
Diabetes
Hyperthyroidism
Anesthetic complications
Hyperthyroidism
What is not commonly associated with food allergies?
Bilateral otitis external
Diarrhea
A sudden change in diet
A non-seasonal pruritus
A sudden change in diet
Which of the following would be most detrimental to feed a growing puppy?
An over the counter multi vitamin
Multivitamin
Vitamin c tablet
Calcium supplement
Calcium supplement
Goiter can be caused by:
Deficiency of iodine
Deficiency of iron
Deficiency of vitamin C
Deficiency of essential fatty acids
Deficiency of iodine
Which of the following does not result in glucose in the blood?
Diet
Conversion of protein to glucose
Breakdown of glycogen
Conversion of fatty acid to glucose
Conversion of fatty acid to glucose
The best plan to get an overweight pet to lose weight is to
Increase the amount of fiber in the diet
Decrease the amount of fat in the diet
Give the pet diet pills
Feed the pet less and exercise it more
Feed the pet less and exercise it more
Low environmental humidity puts neonatal puppies and kittens at risk for:
Chilling
Dehydration
Diarrhea
Retardation
Dehydration
The minimum relative humidity in a neonatal puppy housing unit should be:
30%
50%
70%
90%
50%
During the first week of life, orphaned puppies and kittens should be reared in an environmental temperature of:
90*
80*
70*
90*
90*
To keep animals germ free inside a barrier unit, the air pressure inside compared with the outside must be:
Higher
Lower
Equal
Much lower
Higher
In an isolated unit where sick animals are housed, the air pressure in the unit compared with that in the quarters housing healthy animals must be:
Higher
Lower
Equal
Much lower
Lower
For good sanitation, outdoor runs should have floors constructed of:
Dirt
Grass
Concrete
Wood
Concrete
Which of the following is not required of a well-built doghouse?
Windproof against drafts
Raised off the ground
Insulated against the cold
Spacious and roomy inside
Spacious and roomy inside
The best type of feeding bowl for dogs is one made of:
Plastic
Steel
Enamel
Ceramic
Steel
An especially important period of puppy development that is critical to normal behavior as an adult is
The nursing period
Whelming
Weaning
The socialization period
The socialization period
What does TPN stand for
Total parenteral nutrition
What clinical condition is often mistaken for obesity and may conceal malnutrition?
Diarrhea
Ascites
Anemia
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis
What is trichobezoar?
Hairball
Laceration
Access on the body surface
Any ingested metal foreign body
Hairball
To protect yourself when attacked by a dog, you should
Run
Kick or hit at it
Roll yourself into a ball and protect your neck and face
Stand still and call for help
Roll yourself into a ball and protect your neck and face
To judge whether a dog is nervous, observe its body language. A nervous dog usually:
Holds its head low between the shoulders
Stares straight at you
Remains in a "sit" position
Has eyes that dart from one thing to another
Has eyes that dart from one thing to another
To judge whether a dog is being aggressive, observe its body language. An aggressive dog:
Looks from side to side
Holds its head low and between the shoulders
Wags its tail
Has eyes that dart from one thing to another
Holds its head low and between the shoulders
Of the following steps to place a cat in a bag, which should be first?
Close the zipper
Place the bag on the table
Hook the bag around the cats neck
Place the cat in the centre of the bag
Place the bag on the table
Effective cage washing necessitates a temperature at some point in the cycle of at least
123*
161*
180*
213*
180*
When choosing a muzzle for a Boston terrier, you should
Use a muzzle made from roll gauze
Use a leather strap muzzle
Use a basket-style muzzle
Use an open ended style muzzle
Use a basket-style muzzle
The most common cause of fear-base aggression in adult dogs is
Abuse
Neglect
Hunger
Poor socialization
Poor socialization
Which of these is not a warning sign of an angry cat?
Hissing and spitting
Rubbing up against the cage bars
Ears lowered
Crouching low with tail lashing
Rubbing up against the cage bars
Normal behavior for a healthy, well socialized cat in a new place is to
Cower in a corner
Lose bladder and bowel control
Sit in one spot
Look around and investigate
Look around and investigate
The cardinal rule when working with cats is to
Make sure doors, windows, and hiding places are closed
Always wear restraint gloves
Put them in a cat bag for easier handling
Make sure doors, windows, and hiding places are closed
An animal care facility is having problem with coccidiodomycosis. Treatment of runs and pens for this problems will be most successful using:
Steam cleaner with bleach
Stain remover with aldehydes
Detergent
Disinfectant
Steam cleaner with bleach
Use of a detergent cage washer is an example of
Disinfection
Sanitation
Sterilization
Chelation
Sanitation
All of the following disinfectants can be used on surgical instruments except
Quarternary ammonium compounds
Phenolics
Alcohols
Halogens
Halogens
Which of the following is useful for dissolving urine scale from rabbit pans
Alkalies
Anionics
Acids
Chelators
Acids
Rubber and plastic articles should be disinfected with
Alcohols
Phenolics
Halogens
Aldehydes
Aldehydes
What disinfectant should not be used around cats or other felines?
Quarternary ammonium compounds
Phenolics
Halogens
Alcohols
Phenolics
Disinfection is most difficult following contamination of premises with
Canine distemper virus
Feline leukemia
Canine parvovirus
Feline calicivirus
Canine parvovirus
Solutions of bleach mixed with water are useful for disinfection for up to
24 hours
23 days
1 week
23 weeks
24 hours
A product that destroys 100% of bacteria is classified as a
Sterilant
Disinfectant
Sanitizer
Germicide
Disinfectant
Chelating agents in cleaners remove
Oil and grease
Hard water minerals
Urine scale
Blood and serum
Hard water minerals
Hazardous components of a cleaner or disinfectant are stated in the manufacturers
SOPS
GLPS
VFAS
MSDS
MSDS
Alcohols optimum disinfecting ability occurs at a dilution factor of
50%
70%
90%
95%
70%
When hypochlorite solution comes in contact with formaldehyde, the gas produced is a very
Effective disinfectant
Dangerous carcinogen
Pleasant deodorant
Weak antiseptic
Dangerous carcinogen
When disinfecting using two products, the rule is to
Use one disinfectant at a time
Mix the disinfectants together
Dilute each disinfectant by half
Select one bactericidal and one bacteriostatic disinfectant
Use one disinfectant at a time
Selection of a disinfectant ideally depends on the
Result required
Purchase price
Ease of application
Product stability
Result required
Ultrasonic cleaners are used to:
Sanitize instruments
Disinfect instruments
Sterilize instruments
Lubricate instruments
Sanitize instruments
Ultrasonic cleaners work through creating:
Steam under pressure
High frequency sound waves
Mechanical scrubbing
Radiation
High frequency sound waves
In hand cleaning equipment after surgery, the degree of cleanliness is most influenced by the:
Contact time with cleaner
Degree of mechanical friction
Thoroughness of subsequent rinsing
Temperature of the wash water
Degree of mechanical friction
Floors are cleaned best using a:
Wet vacuum
Dry vacuum
Wet mop
Dry mop
Wet vacuum
During busy days in surgery, the area in the suite most likely to need decontamination is the:
Doorway to the operating room
Cabinets, holding surgical packs
Scrub sink, floors, and walls
Air conditioning and heating duct grills
Scrub sinks, floors and walls
For effective sanitation, lights in the surgical suite should be:
Recessed into the ceiling
Close to the air inlet
Fitted with fluorescent bulbs
Activated by entry of personnel
Recessed into the ceiling
Soap for hand washing is most likely to harbor microbes if it is in:
A pressurized dispensing pump
Solid bar form
An aerosol canister
A sponge brush combo
Solid bar form
Before it is taken into the surgery room, portable equipment should be:
Wiped with a dry sterile cloth
Fumigated with formaldehyde gas
Damp dusted with a disinfectant
Scrubbed with a sanitizer
Damp dusted with a disinfectant
Chlorine bleach must never be combined with ammonia because of the potential production of:
An iodophor
Chlorhexidine
Chlorine gases
Alcohol
Chlorine gases
The most appropriate solution to use as an ear cleaner in an animal that does not have an intact tympanum:
Commercial ceruminolytic
Dilute povidoneiodine
Physiologic saline
Dilute chlorhexidine
Physiologic saline
To calculate the quantity of food to administer at one feeding to a 2 day old orphaned puppy you would multiply the body weight in grams by:
5%
10%
25%
50%
5%
Which of the following values is a normal rectal temperature for a dog?
102*
98*
106*
95*
102*
If you are syringe feeding a patient, the most appropriate positioning of the head would be:
A natural position
Flexed upward 90*
Turned 90* to one side
Handing over the edge of the table
A natural position
Fluids administered via the SQ route should be at:
Room temperature and hypertonic
Body temperature and isotonic
Body temperature and hypotonic
Room temperature and hypotonic
Body temperature and isotonic
The cages of immunocompromised animals should be cleaned:
Before cleaning the general nursing wards
After cleaning the general nursing wards
Only when they are dirty
At least 3 times a day
Before cleaning the general nursing wards
What is the average length of gestation for a dog?
70 days
63 days
59 days
55 days
63 days
Pinpoint hemorrhage of the mucous membranes and skin is termed:
Epiphora
Petechiation
Lichnification
Cyanosis
Petechiation
The least desirable method of administering insulin is:
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
Per so
Intravenous
Per os
Hypo alchemical in dogs:
Does not occur
Occurs most often at parturition
Occurs most often in mid to late lactation
Can occur any time
Occurs most often in mid to late lactation
Which of the following is not done on a routine physical examination of a cat?
Pen the mouth and look at the teeth, tongue, and gums
Perform a rectal exam
Listen to the heart and lungs
Palate the abdomen for masses
Perform a rectal exam
Which of the following heart rates would be considered abnormal for a healthy adult cat?
150 bpm
175 bpm
200 bpm
250 bpm
250 bpm
Which of these dog breeds is most likely to get hip Dysplasia?
Beagle
Yorkie
Borzoi
Golden retriever
Golden retriever
Which disease is the result of a blood parasite infection that causes anemia in cats?
FIV
FIA
FIP
Malaria
FIA
Which of the following is a virus that is not highly contagious and does not have a commercial vaccine available for nonhuman animals?
Parvovirus
Papillomavirus
Distemper virus
Cornoavirus
Papillomavirus
What clinical signs are not associated with canine distemper?
Seizures
Coughing
Limping
Behavioral changes
Limping
What animal is the common reservoir for the rabies virus?
Rabbit
Rat
Pig
Skunk
Skunk
A client brings her new 7 week old puppy into the clinic and is curious about the ideal vaccination schedule for her pet. You tell her the ideal schedule is:
Distemper at 12, 16, and 20 weeks with rabies 12+
Distemper at 8, 12, and 16 weeks with rabies at 8 weeks
Distemper at 8, 12, and 16 weeks with rabies at 12+
Distemper at 8, 12, and 16 weeks with rabies 12+
How soon after a significant exposure to the feline leukemia virus will a cat have a positive result on a feline leukemia test (ELISA antigen test)?
48 months
48 weeks
Within days
Not before 1 year
48 weeks
SQ fluids are contraindicated when
The patient has mild dehydration
The patient requires 5% dextrose
There is evidence of chronic heart failure
The patient is very small
The patient requires 5% dextrose
The term pyrexia refers to
Weakness
Fever
Incoordination
Paralysis
Fever
How often should you vaccinate puppies and kittens?
Every 3-4 weeks
What two vaccines are most responsible for causing the feline sarcomas?
3 years rabies and feline leukemia (FeLV)
What does zoonosis mean?
Disease transferred from animal to human
_____ can be an animal, insect, or fomite in which the pathogen can survive.
Reservoir
What type of parasite causes cutaneous larval migrans in people?
Hookworms
Leptospirosis is often transmitted via direct contact with ________ from wildlife.
Urine
Name a zoonotic disease that was discussed in class day 1 or 2.
Giardia
List a core vaccine that is given to both dogs and cats
Rabies
Distemper vaccinations are given in the right front leg...true or false
True
Rabies vaccinations are given in the right rear leg...true or false
True
Effective vaccines are given on the right side of the patient....true or false
False
What does DHPP stand for?
Distemper
Hepatitis
Parainfluenza
Parvo
On what side of the body do we give core vaccinations?
Right
On what side of the body so we administer elective vaccines?
Left
What is anaphylaxis?
A deadly reaction to something
Name an elective vaccine for dogs
Lepto
Lyme
Giardia
Rattlesnake
Dental
Corona
Bordatella
Name an elective vaccine for cats
FIV
FELV
Giardia
What is the preventative/wellness care saying- made up to help us remember topics to discuss with clients
I don't have any best friends with vey funny toes
List 6 topics that we should discuss with new puppy and kitten owners.
Weight
Vaccines
Fleas/ticks
Spay/neuter
Heart worms
Behavior
Diet
When do we recommend spaying and neutering, you can give me a range
4-6 months
What are the two types of rabies and name 2 common carriers of rabies
Dumb and furious
Raccoons and skunks
What is colostrum and how do pets get colostrum? When is it available and for how long?
Colostrum is the milk the mother produces after giving birth. It is available immediately after birth up to 24 hours
Why should you always deworm puppies even if their stool samples comes back negative?
Eggs can still be present
Where do heart worms usually live in the heart?
Right ventricle and pulmonary arteries
What is the intermediate host for heartworms?
Mosquitoes
What is the prepatent period of heartworms?
6 months
What are the 3 phases to killing heartworms?
Phase 1- kill the adults
Phase 2- kill the microfilaria
Phase 3- preventative meds
What are the differences between left sided and right sided heart failure?
Left sided you see more coughing, pulmonary edema, etc
Right sided you see ascites, weakness, etc
What is one of the most common causes of mitral insufficiency in dogs?
Age, dental disease
What is the difference between hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy and which is more prevalent in what species?
Hypertrophic the ventricle muscles get thicker
Dilated the ventricle muscles get thinner
Hypertrophic- cats
Dilated- dogs
What is the purpose of an ECG?
Measure the electrical activity of the heart
What is the purpose of a P-wave?
The atria depolarize
What is the QRS complex?
Ventricles depolarizing
What is the T wave in an ECG?
When ventricles repolarize
Explain how to set up a patient for an ECG and where the leads go on the animal.
Right lateral recumbency
Spray areas with alcohol then place the clamps
Calm patient
Towel on table
Legs spread apart
Black- left front
White- right front
Red- left rear
Green- right rear
What is GDV?
Gastric dilation volvulus, bloating and twisting of the stomach
What type of dog seems to be more predisposed to GDV?
Deep chested large breed dogs
Name 1 type of hernia that we discussed in class
Umbilical hernia
Inguinal hernia
Diaphragmatic hernia
What hernia is considered the worst and most life threatening?
Diaphragmatic hernia
Name two cause of acute gastroenteritis
Virus
Bacteria
Foreign bodies
Parasites
Toxins
What breed of dog is thought to have a genetic predisposition to pancreatitis?
Mini schnauzer
What type of food is often the cause of acute pancreatitis?
High fat meal
Name two clinical signs of pancreatitis.
Anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, fever-canine
Anorexia, lethargy, weight loss, hypothermia, vomiting-feline
What is the difference between an extrahepatic shunt and an intrahepatic shunt?
Extra-outside the live
Intra- inside the liver
Is it easier to treat an extrahepatic shunt or an intrahepatic shunt?
Extrahepatic
What species of animal is hepatic lipidosis common in?
Cats
What is the more common name for hepatic lipidosis?
Fatty liver disease
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE