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34 terms

Chapter 13

WHAP Chapter 13
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What was the impact of the rise of the samurai on the peasantry in japan?
Japanese peasants were reduced to the status of serfs bound to the land they worked
which of the followign weakened imperial power in jap?
fujiwara
which of the following statements concerning the relationship of the imperial court to the provincial military elite is most accurate
in the absence of an imperial military force, law and order broke down leading both the emperor and high officials to hire provincial lords and their military retainers
in what year did the han emperor conquer the first korean kingdom of choson
109 bce
Samurai were
mounted troops who served the provincial military elite.
The Tale of Genji described
the life at the imperial court at Heian.
what kingdom was successful in establishing a unified and independent government in Korea
Silla
How did the principles of warfare change under the daimyos?
Warfare based on spying, timely assaults, wise command and organization of massive armies replaced heroic combat.
what was the political result of the wars that destroyed the Ashikaga Shogunate
division of Japan into three hundred little states under the daimyos
The development of regional power bases in Japan among the warrior elites of the countryside corresponded to what events in China?
The decline of the Tang dynasty.
which of the following Chinese cultural traits was NOT introduced into Vietnam following the Han conquest of 111 BC
Chinese insistence on the nuclear family
What gov. replaced the Kamakura regime in the early 14th century?
Ashikaga shogunate
The end of the Gempei wars signaled the beginning of
the Japanese feudal age.
Which of the following was NOT a difference between the Viet and Chinese cultures prior to their conquest by the Han emperors
Viet tendency to extended families and clan groups
What was the Status of Women during the Era of the Daimyos
While daughters of the Bushi often received some martial training, under the daimyos women were excluded from inheritance and treated as defenseless appendages of their warrior fathers or husband.
what was the central purpose of the reforms of 646 in Japan
to remake the Japanese monarch into an absolutist Chinese-style emperor
Which of the following statements concerning the rise of a provincial military elite during the tenth century in Japan is NOT correct?
The rise of the provincial elite corresponded to the recovery of the imperial government and its overthrow of the aristocracy of the court.
what title was given to the military leader of the bakufu at Kamakura
shogun
Following the assertion of Vietnamese independence from China in the tenth century, what aspects of Chinese culture were retained by the Vietnamese rulers?
The Chinese administration based on the Confucian examination system.
what group so threatened the security of the Japanese imperial court in the eighth century that the imperial family moved to Heian
Buddhist monks
which of the following was a critical factor in the failure of the Chinese to hold or assimilate the Viatnamese
the failure of Chinese cultural imports to make an impact on the peasantry
Which of the following statements concerning the Korean bureaucracy under the influence of China is most accurate
Korea established a Confucian examination system on the Chinese model, but admission to the bureaucracy was determined almost exclusively by birth rather than test scores.
During the period of warring daimyos, what was the factor that led to a revival of Chinese influence on the cultural level?
Zen Buddhism
what was the immediate impact of the imperial move to Heian
the aristocracy was restored to counterbalance the power of the Buddhist monasteries and took over most of the positions in the central government
Explain the three-tiered government system.
Real power rested in the Hojo family, who manipulated the Minamoto shoguns, who in turn claimed to rule in the name of the emperor who lived at Kyoto.
what was the religious preference of the Korean elite
Buddhism
The nature spirits of Japan were called
Rami.
warrior leaders in the tenth century in Japan who controlled provincial areas and ruled from small fortresses in the countryside were called
bushi
what religion played a key role in the transmission of Chinese civilization to Japan
Buddhism
What were the reforms enacted in 646 that intended to thoroughly incorporate Chinese culture and political structure into Japanese society
Taika
What was the political result of the Vietnamese drive to conquer regions south of the Red River basin
the division of the Vietnamese into two kingdoms with capitals at Hue and Hanoi
What was the relationship between the Ashikaga Shogunate and the emperor
...fought the emperor at Kyoto who refused to recognize the authorities and drove him to the mountain town of Yoshina while setting up a puppet emperor in the old capital of Kyoto
In 838 the Japanese
ceased to send official embassies to the Chinese emperor.
Which of the following statements concerning the nature of warfare among the bushi is most accurate?
Battles hinged on man-to-man duels of great champions typical of the heroic stage of warfare.