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History Final: Chapter 9

Terms in this set (15)

• Most historians agree on very little, but when it comes to absolutism, most agree Louis XIV's France is prime example
• He saw himself as the Sun King
o Center of France's universe, his universe, and desired to be center of everyone else's universe
• He ruled France from 1643-1715
• What were his aims
o Specific goals in establishing a powerful state
o Realizes he's surrounded by violent competitors
• Creates a centralized state
• Constructs a method to acquire that
o Seeks to gain complete control of France's armed forces
o Wishes to control the revenue system (taxation)
o Realizes to accomplish this he must restructure the legal system
o These three goals, were given priority, as they were seen as the means of central control and protection of citizens
o Louis saw it as necessary to create element 4 - a loyal and efficient bureaucracy
• He could create a centralized power to be envy of his neighbours if he accomplished these
• 2 powers in the way of this system
o local power of aristocracy - land owning elites
o the spiritual power of the church
• Louis achieved most of his goals
• Did so despite wading almost constant warfare during his reign against other European powers
• He changed nature of life in France
• For collection of taxes - he revolutionized the tax gathering system
• Under Louis the map of France was divided into regions, overseen by administrators - loyalty not to the region, but Paris itself
o Job is to collect revenue from area they are assigned
• Under his government, they got a three fold increase in revenue
• He had the consultation of Colbert
o He was an excellent administrator and a shrew financer
o He created new industries and sought out new trading partners
o He nationalized the France banking system
o He gave economic stability to Louis' political efforts
o He was minister of finance from 1685-1693
o He was important to Canadian history because he saw potential financial benefits in new France
• Resistance - 2 communities
o Aristocracy - rich and the privileged
• They had a power base that could be an impediment in centralization
o The church - brought under Louis control and unified quickly and effectively, but also brutally
• He expelled protestant men and women by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 (Catholicism is only - no other religions allowed)
• When he dies,,,
o Both had local interests across the countryside
• Parliament
o Local parliament are brought under his control
o First it passes in Edict
o He forbids the national parliament (estate general) from assembling at all
o Louis 14th until French Revolution it is never called
• Aristocracy
o he realizes he can offer them a trade off
o persuades nobility of France to surrender their influence and power
o in exchange he offers them social prestige, something all aristocrats want, a presence around the king
o they create tension and prestige
o Louis realizes that the center of that power and prestige should be his court, which he establishes at the palace of Versailles
- sought to achieve legal and religious uniformity, and continually opposed Habsburg power, but his wars left the country financially exhausted