Terms in this set (42)
A reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. She succeeded in persuading many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. She served as the Superintendant of Nurses for the Union Army during the Civil War.
A lengthy insight therapy that was developed by Freud and aims at uncovering conflicts and unconscious impulses through special techniques, including free association, dream analysis, and transference.
An interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem
In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
Treatments that stress the importance of the unconscious mind, extensive interpretation by the therapist, and the role of early childhood experiences in the development of an individual's problems
A variety of therapies which aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses
A humanistic therapy based on Carl Roger's beliefs that an individual has an unlimited capacity for psychological growth and will continue to grow unless barriers are placed in the way.
Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy.
A type of therapy that assumes that disordered behavior is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviors into more constructive behaviors
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus, by repeated pairing with a stimulus that normally elicits a response, comes to elicit a similar or even identical response; aka Pavlovian conditioning
A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. Includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.
An approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
a technique of learning to relax by focusing on relaxing each of the body's muscle groups in turn
Virtual reality exposure therapy
An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
A behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher.
An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
Cognitive behavior therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication
Is psychotherapy effective?
yes, Gives you the tools to be able to eventually deal with new problems and situations that would have once caused an issue; also to help prevent a relapse; each type has its own method and is effective in its own manner
Studies that assess the effectiveness of medical treatments.
A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
MDR = multidrug resistance (resistance to 2 different classes of drugs)
Light exposure therapy
Treats seasonal affective disorder (SAD); scientifically proven to be effective, exposure to daily doses of intense light. Increases activity in the adrenal gland and the superchiasmatic nucleus.
A technique used to explore the meanings of free association, dreams, resistances, and transference feelings.
Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system.
The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
Drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder.
A side effect of long-term use of traditional antipsychotic drugs causing the person to have uncontrollable facial tics, grimaces, and other involuntary movements of the lips, jaw, and tongue.
a class of psychotropic medications used for the treatment of anxiety
Drugs that treat depression
Mood stabilizing medication
exist in addition to anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, antidepressant that are designed to help balance out individuals with disorders like bipolar disorder
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.
What are some therapeutic lifestyle changes?
tendon gliding (kicks and curls)
How is resilience connected to preventing psychological disorders?