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32 terms

Hip, Knee and Ankle Muscles

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iliacus
o: superior iliac fossa
i: lesser trochanter and shaft below
N: femoral
psoas major
o: transverse processes of L1-L5 and bodies of T-12-L5
i: lesser trochanter and shaft below
N: femoral
rectus femoris
o: ASIS and ilium above acetabulum
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral
sartorius
o: ASIS
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: femoral
biceps femoris
o: long head- ischial tuberosity short head: lateral linea aspera
i: head of fibula and lateral condyle of femur
N: sciatic
semitendinosus
o: ischial tuberosity
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: sciatic
semimembranosus
o: ischial tuberosity
i: posterior proximal medial surface of medial condyle of tibia
N: sciatic
gluteus maximus
o: posterior crest of ilium and lateral surface of sacrum and coccyx
i: gluteal tuberosity and IT band
N: inferior gluteal
gluteus medius
o: lateral, outer portion of ilium
i: superior, lateral greater trochanter
N: superior gluteal
gluteus minimus
o: lateral, outer, lower ilium
i: anterior border of greater trochanter
N: superior gluteal
tensor fasciae latae
o: anterior iliac crest
i: IT band
N: superior gluteal
gracilis
o: inferior ramus of pubis
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: obturator
pectineus
o: superior ramus of pubis
i: pectineal line of femur
N: femoral
adductor brevis
o: inferior ramus of pubis
i: distal pectineal line and proximal medial lip of linea aspera
N: obturator
adductor longus
o: body of pubic ramus
i: middle of medial lip linea aspera
N: obturator
adductor magnus
o: inferior pubic ramus and ischial tuberosity
i: linea aspera, medial supracondylar line, adductor tubercle
N: obturator
vastus lateralis
o: intertrochanteric line, anterior/inferior greater trochanter, gluteal tuberosity, proximal linea aspera
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral
vastus medialis
o: medial lip of linea aspera and medial supracondylar ridge
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral
vastus intermedius
o: proximal anterior shaft of femur
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral
popliteus
o: posterior lateral condyle of femur
i: proximal posteromedial aspect of tibia
N: tibial
hip joints
pubic symphysis, femoral joint, sacroiliac joint
knee joints
tibiofemoral, tibiofibular, patellafemoral
gastrocnemius
o: medial head- posterior medial condyle of femur; lateral head- posterior lateral condyle
i: posterior surface of calcaneus via Achilles tendon
N: tibial
plantaris
o: lateral supracondylar line and posterior lateral condyle
i: posterior calcaneus
N: tibial
soleus
o: posterior proximal fibula and posterior proximal tibia (on soleal line)
i: posterior calcaneus w/ tendon of gastrocnemius
N: tibial
tibialis posterior
o: proximal interosseus membrane and adjacent surfaces of tibia and fibula
i: lower inner surface of navicular and cuneiform bones, bases of 2-5 metatarsals (plantar surface)
N: tibial
peroneus longus
o: head and proximal surface of lateral fibula
i: lateral/plantar surfaces of base of 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
N: superficial peroneal
peroneus brevis
o: distal lateral fibula
i: plantar surface 5th metatarsal)
N: superficial peroneal
extensor digitorum longus
o: lateral condyle of tibia, head of fibula, and upper anterior fibula
i: four tendons to middle and distal phalanges toes 2-5 (dorsal surface)
N: deep peroneal
flexor digitorum longus
o: middle posterior tibia
i: bases of distal phalanges toes 2-5
N: tibial
flexor hallucis longus
o: posterior middle fibula
i: base of distal phalanx of hallux
N: tibial
extensor hallucis longus
o: middle anterior and medial fibula
i: base of distal phalanx of hallux
N: deep peroneal