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Chapter 14 Test
Terms in this set (49)
the spread of a disease across an entire country, continent, or the whole world
payments for war damage.
a system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all.
territories administered by western powers. Britain and France gained mandates over German colonies in Africa and Ottoman lands in the Middle East.
David Lloyd George
Prime minister who knew that English people were demanding harsh treatment for Germany. He promised to build a postwar for Britain.
His chief goal was to weaken Germany so that it could never again threaten force.
League of Nations
Woodrow Wilson's dream was to create an international league of nations. The League would be based on the idea of collective security.
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
"the draft" which required all all young men to be ready for military or other service. Germany set up a system of forced civilian labor as well.
The spreading of ideas to promote a cause or to damage an opposing cause.
Horrible acts against innocent people.
the right of people to choose their own form of government.
agreement to end fighting with the Allies.
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
Early in 1918, after the Russian Revolution, this ended Russian participation in World War I
Insisted that Americans, as citizens of a neutral country had a right to safe travel on the seas
Raised taxes and borrowed money
This is how the governments payed for the war
Prevent discouraging news from reaching the public
The government censored the press for this reason
Pulled Russia out of the war
This was the promise Vladimir Lenin made and kept when he came to power in Russia
Unrestricted Submarine warfare (Sinking of Lusitania)
This persuaded the Americans to enter the war
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
"no man's land"
This was the area between opposing trenches, In this empty tract, pocked with shell holes, every house and tree had long since been destroyed.
large gas-filled balloons, to bomb the English coast
These boats did tremendous damage to the allied side, sinking merchant ships that carried vital supplies to Britain.
groups of merchant ships protected by warships.
This was the western area of fighting in WWI
The French sent up the battle cry "They shall not pass" The French defenders held firm, but the 11- month struggle cost more than a half-million casualties on both sides.
An allied offensive at the Somme river was even more costly. In a single grisly day, 60,000 British soldiers were killed or wounded.
The Russians suffered one of the worst defeats of the war causing them to retreat.
In October 1917, the Austrians and Germans launched a major offensive against this Italian position. British and France forces later helped stop the Central Powers' advance into Italy
After Russia won victories in eastern Prussia, Germany opened a front in this area
World war I was the first of this type of warfare
soldiers, workers, supplies
This is what the Allies used their colonies for
citizenship and independence
some colonists volunteered in hopes that, in return, they would win
The Turks closed off Allied ships from their link to the Black Sea and Russia, by the
Opposition to all war
a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Russian sponsored powerful form of nationalism, which held that all Slavic peoples shared a common nationality and Russia being the largest, had a duty to defend them all.
the glorification of the military
Alliance formed by Germany and Austria - Hungary in to fight on the same side in war.
non-binding agreement to follow common policies. France and Britain signed this in 1904.
France and Britain signed an entente in 1904, and later Britain signed a similar agreement with Russia. When the war began, these powers were known as:
World court that was setup to settle disputes between nations, at the 1899 First Universal Peace Conference in the Netherlands. It could not enforce its rulings.
First Universal peace conference
It formed a world court to settle disputes between nations, as this meeting was a move toward lasting peace
the leading cause of international tension in the early 1900's
British were threatened by Germany
The reason for this is that the German factories outproduced British factories
competition for colonies
this brought France and Germany twice to the brink of war in the early 1900's
militarism ( result)
led to an arms race
discourage outside attacks
this was the main intention of the alliances formed among European nations
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany at the end of WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
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