Articles of confederation
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Battle of New OrleansJackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S.Andrew JacksonProduct of widespread democracy, was a man for the people, self made manRobert Fultoninventor of the steamboatThe Whiskey rebelliongroup of farmers refused to pay federal excise tax on whiskey, Washington responds decisively with troops (1794)The quasi-warUndeclared war at sea between the U.S and France because the French were stopping American Ships that were going to England and seized goodsThe erie canalWas completed in 1825 and linked Lake Erie to the Hudson River. It was very important to the Industrial Revolution and allowed goods to flow between the great lakes and NYC.Andrew JohnsonA Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.Radical RepublicansThese were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.carpetbaggersA derogatory term applied to Northerners who migrated south during the Reconstruction to take advantage of opportunities to advance their own fortunes by buying up land from desperate Southerners and by manipulating new black voters to obtain lucrative government contracts.Ku Klux KlanRacist/ white terrorist group from south caused chaosPlessy Vs. fergusonruling of serperate but equalJim Crowe lawslaws assed in the south after reconstruction enforcing the segregation of blacks and whitesSamuel J Tildenthe Democrat nominee for the 1876 election who campaigned against Republican scandal; he was an electoral vote away from winning the election when four doubtful states needed to send in returns; the debacle was resolved with a compromise between parites, and his opponent, Hayes, was elected president insteadCorrupt Bargina claim that said Clay had made a deal w/adams in which Clay would support Adams for president and in return clay would receive a high political appointmentRutherford B hayes19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US historyThe Monroe DoctrinePresident James Monroe (1823). If European powers tried to colonize land in the Americas, It would be viewed as an act of war against the USA. Refrain them from recolonizing in Western HemisphereLaissez FaireA nuetral approach by the government where they do nothingCharles Sumneranti-slavery spokesman of Mass. Gave speech adn denounced Kansas Nebraska act and attacked Senator Andrew P ButlerThaddeus StevensMan behind the 14th Amendment, which ends slavery. Stevens and President Johnson were absolutely opposed to each other. Known as a Radical RepublicanThe Spoils SystemWhen have power, remove everone from office in an appointed position opposite to your partyJohn Quincy AdamsSixth president of the United States He was in favor of funding national research and he appointed Henry Clay as his Secretary of State. During his presidency the National Republicans were formed in support of him.Eli WhitneyCotton Gin inventorAmerican Colonization SocietyA Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.William Lloyd Garrison1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.harriet Beecher StoweUncle Toms Cabin writerStephen A. DouglasSenator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport DoctrineThe Sack of Lawerenceaka bleeding kansas, anti slavery town attacked by pro slavery town. People were killed buildings burnt down. John Brown reaceted poorlyPreston S. BrooksNewphew of Andrew P Butler enters chamber and beats SumnerJohn BrownNot happy with bleeding Kansas, after 3 days pulled people out of bed and questioned them, if didnt like anwser he killed them. Also Harpers FerryCompromise of 1850Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American WarKansas-Nebraska ActAloud settlers of the territory by popular soverignty to decide if it would be a slave state or notThe Gilded Age1877-1900; rapid industrialization, urbanization, immigration; rise of big business and the labor movement; the Populist movementAndrew CarnegieA Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.Christopher L. Sholestypewriter Milwaukee basedSocial DarwinismTheory everyone wants to be rich but only the best will make itRobber BaronsRefers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages. They also drove their competitors out of business by selling their products cheaper than it cost to produce it. Then when they controlled the market, they hiked prices high above original price.The Gospel of Wealth1) America Economy controlled for benefit of all in natural aristocracy (weeded out by weak) 2) State should confine self police should protets wealth and property 3) Slums and poverty resullts of competitive struggle and should let them beJohn D RockefellerWas an American industrialist and philanthropist. Revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy.Thomas Alva EdisonInventor of the electric lightbulbLester Frank Wardsociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883 and other books , in which he argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection but by human intelligence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished, and he believed that an active government engaged in positive planning, which was societies best hope.