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Important people and their impact on the American Identity

Peter Cartwright

Methodist preacher during the Second Great Awakening. He was a traveling Preacher. He inspired a new generation to get religious. He is also known for punching people who tried to stop his meetings.

Charles Grandison Finney

Rival Evangelist preacher. Preached in New York. Encouraged people to display their religion in public.

Joseph Smith

Creator of the Book of Mormon, and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Dealt with persecution.

Horace Mann

Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education. Leader of American education, encouraged higher standards for public schools.

Dorthea Dix

Advocate for the mentally troubled. Reformed assylums.

Neal Dow

Leader of the Temperance movement. Tried to purify and show a true christian America.

Lucretia Mott

A Quaker woman whow advocated for women's rights after she and other women were not recognized as delegates at a London antislavery convention.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Feminist mother of 7 who first suggested women's suffrage.

Susan B Anthony

Leader of women's rights movement. She exposed herself to dangerous conditions for her cause. Progressive women were called Suzy Bs in her honor.

Lucy Stone

Feminist who kept her maiden name after marriage.

Amelia Bloomer

In protest to the boxy and conservative clothing women were forced to wear. She protested by wearing a short skirt and Turkish trousers, now called bloomers.

Robert Owen

Scottish textile manufacturer, who attempted to create a harmonious and communal society in New Harmony, Indianna. It failed.

John J Audobon

Naturalist and Artist. Inspired consrvation with his paintings of beautiful nature.

Stephen C Foster

Musician. Added to culture with folk music.

James Fennimore Cooper

First American Novelist to gain fame. Proved Americans could impact art and literature.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Poet and Philosopher. Leader of Transcendentalism.

Henry David Thoreau

Poet and nonconformist. Important writer of Transcendentalism. Inspired conservation with his writings on nature.

Walt Whitman

Transcndentalist poet. Known for his enthusiasm. He encouraged Americans to move past the Old War.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Famous writer and poet. Known for a tragic personal life.

Lousia May Alcott

Author of Little Women. An important female figure in American Literature.

Emily Dickinson

Female Poet. Known for themes of love, nature, and death.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Author of the Scarlet Letter. Questioned the societies of the Older America especially the Puritans.

Herman Melville

Famous author. Not properly educated and still managed to create the classic Moby Dick, which wasn't popular until after his death.

Francis Parkman

Historian who studied the conflicts between Britain and France during Colonial times.

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