Chapter 5: Toward Independence
Terms in this set (22)
colonists who wanted independence from Britain and believed the colonies had the right to govern themselves.
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency
The French and Indian War
between 1754 and 1763 the French and their Indian allies fought against the British and the colonists over land in the New World. The British ultimately won.
oppressive or unjust use of government power
a cruel and oppressive dictator
The Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which prohibited the colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains and Natives from going east of the mountains in hopes of preventing fights between the Natives and the colonists.
The Stamp Act
The British imposed taxes on the colonists to pay for the French and Indian war. Therefore, they put a tax on every piece of paper which had a special stamp on it. These stamped papers included newspapers, wills, licenses, playing cards.
to reverse or cancel an existing law or regulation
The Quartering Act
The colonists were ordered to provide the British troops with quarters (housing), candles, ammunition, bedding, cooking utensils, salt, vinegar, beer or cider, etc.
The Townshend Acts
Series of 1767 laws named for Charles Townshend, British treasurer, that imposed taxes on everyday goods such as glass, lead, paints, paper and tea. (All of these taxes were eventually repealled except the tax on tea.)
to refuse to buy one or more goods from a certain source.
The Boston Massacre
A crowd of Bostonians attacked a squadron of British troops. The redcoats opened fire and killed five colonists.
The Tea Act
Lord North's attempt to save the British East India Company. This act lowered the cost of tea but kept a tax on tea without the colonists' consent.
The Boston Tea Party
occurred when members of the Sons of Liberty (a group of Patriots) dressed up as Mohawk Indians and threw British tea into the harbor as a protest to the Tea Act.
The Intolerable Acts
Created to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party. These restrictions led to more anger towards Great Britain.
Result of the Intolerable Acts
The Colonists began to unite (instead of give in.)
The First Continental Congress
(1774) 12 Colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia. They decided to send a respectful message to the King asking him to consider their complaints. They also called for a new boycott of all British goods until Parliament repealed the Intolerable Acts
A town in eastern Massachusetts near Boston where the first battle of the American Revolution was fought; the British were victorious.
Paul Revere and William Dawes
riders who warned the militia (Minutemen) of British attack on the town of Concord
This was the location of the second battle. After the British couldn't find the gunpowder and weapons, they left to go back to Boston, and were met by Minutemen. The British were forced to retreat (and were attacked by thousands of hidden Minutemen.) The Americans claimed victory.