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The author's intent either to inform or teach someone about something, to entertain people, or to persuade or convince their audience to do or not do something.
Cause and Effect
Cause statements stem from actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the action or event.
A newspaper or magazine article that gives the opinions of the editors or publishers; an expression of opinion that resembles such an article.
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
A personal point of view using the "I" point of view. May also contain me, our, we, us.
A conclusion, drawn from specific information, that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person.
A word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing and smell using figurative language.
It is nonfiction, written primarily to convey factual information. (e.g., textbooks, newspapers, reports, directions, brochures, technical manuals, etc.).
A light or humorous verse form of five lines, of which lines 1, 2 and 5 rhymes and lines 3 and 4 rhyme.
The sequence in which the author arranges events in a story. The structure often includes the rising action, the climax, the falling action and the resolution.
An organizational structure in nonfiction texts, where the author typically presents a problem and possible solutions to it.
An organizational structure in nonfiction texts, where the author typically finds the similarities and differences between two objects.
An organizational structure in nonfiction texts, where the author typically shows an order of events in time order OR by using time order words (first, second, next, then).
attempts to persuade the reader to do, think or buy something because it is popular or because "everyone" is doing it
emotional appeal propaganda
attempt to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to the reader's emotions instead of to logic or reason.
to persuade the reader by using a famous person to endorse a product or idea (for instance, the celebrity endorsement).
sweeping generalization (stereotyping) propaganda
makes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information.
appeal to numbers, facts, or statistics propaganda
attempts to persuade the reader by showing how many people think something is true.
Identical or very similar recurring final sounds in words usually at the end of lines of a poem.
the "third person" point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he, she, it, they, them, their, her, his, or character's names are used)
The range of associations that a word or phrase suggests in addition to its dictionary meaning (e.g., slender/thin/scrawny).
Support used in written prompts which is taken either from the text (for TDAs) or is formulated from the mind of the student (Regular essays)
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