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161 terms

Ab Psych 7

STUDY
PLAY
Behviors, such as drug abuse, that leads to brain damage is most likely to be indicated
only on axis 1
damage to the ______ lobes of the brain is most associated with memory loss; damage to the ______ lobes of the brain is most associated with passivity or impulsiveness
temporal; frontal
late onset Alzheimer'ss disease has been linked to a gene on chromosome
19
which is a good example of a person with an impairment of orientation?
Marlon, who is not sure where he is or what month or year it is
When a closed-head injury occurs
the damage is a result of the brain colliding with the skull
most cases of early-onset Alzheimer's disease appear to be caused by
one of several rare genetic mutations
what type of drugs are most likely to be used to inhibit the progression of Alzheimers?
cholinesterase inhibitors
the only neuropsychological syndrome for which antiviral therapy is likley to be helpful is
AIDS related dimensia
the occurence of which after a head injury suggests poor prognosis
anterograde amnesia
the most promising development in the treatment of Alzheimer's involves
vaccines that might clear away any accumulated plagues
compared to enuresis, encorpresis is
diagnosed at an earlier age
the development of conduct disorder in adolescence
is not associated with lasting behavioral problems
autism is similar to schizophrenia in its
impact on multiple functions
Asperger's disorder is
similar to but less severe than autism
Studies of the effectiveness of antidepressant medication with children have
produced inconsistent results
Suddenly, Lavinia is unable to remember what she was doing...
delirium
After being hit on the head, Bob experienced some retrograde amnesia...
did not know what happened
the hallmark symptom of autism is
lack of interest in other people
the text presented a case study of a retired man who was hospitalized by his wife and son...
he had good memory for remote events but not memory for events that just occured
attention deficit hyperactivity is characterized by
difficulties that interfere with effective task oriented behavior
damage to the temporal lobes of the brain is most likely to result in
forgetfullness
a hypothetical drug might improve cognitive functioning of Alzheimer's patients would probably
increase levels of acetylcholine
Major brain damages
sometimes cause minor changes and sometimes major ones
consistent with its established role in memory, neurons in the ______ suffer much damage in Alzheimer's
hippocampus
which of the following statements about the brain is true
the skull is designed to support as much as two tons of weight
the most common cause of dementia is
degenerative brain disease
which of the following is a risk for developing Alzheimer's
being a woman
early onset alzheimer's affects people in their
40's
Delirium has a ______ onset and dementia has a _______ onset
rapid onset; gradual onset
mild brain injuries
usually produce long term, minor problems, particularly in older people
the most common cause of traumatic brain injury is
motor vehicle accidents
delirium is thought to be more common in the elderly due to
normal age-related changes in the brain
It has been observed that if a woman gives birth to a child with Down Syndrome before the age of 35 she has an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's. Which best explains this observation
a genetic mutation that increases the susceptibility to Alzheimer's also increases the likelihood of passing chromosomal abnormalities
focal brain damage is most likely to be a consequence of
stroke
the damage that might be caused to the brain by a violent roller coaster is similar to that seen with
a closed head injury
delirium
is usually reversible
you are convinced that your grandmother has Alzheimer's. How can your doctor confirm your diagnosis?
by ruling out all other potential causes of dementia
If the cause of dementia is organic, this will be referenced on _______. If the cause stems from self-inflicting brain damage this will be referenced on ______
Axis 1 and Axis 3; axis 1
Treatment of ADHD with drugs such as ritalin is thought to be effective as it
increases the ability to concentrate
when symptoms of mental retardatino are not apparent until after the age of 17
the diagnosis would be dementia; not mental retardation
what is the relationship between oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder
virtually all children who develop conduct disorder have oppositional defiant disorder first
sudies of the effectiveness of antidepressant medication with children have
produced inconsistent results
ADHD
is the most frequent psychological referral to mental health facilities
Micocephaly and macrocephaly have what in common
they involve alterations in head size and shape
cross cultural studies of tics find that
the average age of tic onset appears to be universal
currently, the cause of ADHD is believed to be
both biological and psychological factors
shortly after birth, Darren's head began to grow. at age 5, a shunt was placed in his skull to drain fluid...
hydrocephaly
______ is to antisocial personality disorder as ______ is to conduct disorder
conduct disorder; ODD
in order for a diagnosis of Alzheimer's to be definitively made
brain tissue must be examined
the terms function and organic are no longer found in the DSM. Functional was previously used to indicate a _____ origin while organic was used to refer to brain damage with a _______ cause
psychological, biological
the neuropathology in AIDS-related dementia
includes generalized atrophy in the brain
which is the most typical example of the onset of Alzheimer's
when Yula's dementia became obvious, her family looked back back on her behavior and realized that she had been exhibiting memory deficits
Which statement about separation anxiety disorders is accurate
the child with separation anxiety is likely to be immature and lack self-confidence
Jenny has an IQ in the average range. How, at school she is doing very badly...
most likely has a learning disbility
delirium is to dementia as _____ is to _____
acute;chronic
an asymmetry in brain development has been hypothesized to be a cause of
learning disabilities
vascular dementia
is a result of many small strokes
as children with ADHD become adolescents and adults
many continue to experience symptoms
Artiss developed conduct disorder early. Bestram developed conduct disorder late. This suggests that
Artiss will have a higher likelihood of adult antisocial personality disorder
We are likley to find that most of the children with autistic disorder
were identified as having the disorder before they were three years old
what was the greatest problem that emerged as classification system for childhood disorders was being developed
the same classification system that had been developed for adults was used for children
drugs used to treat enuresis are thought to
decrease the deepest stage of sleep
which of the following has been associated with autism
fragile x syndrome
what has been found to be the most effective approach to the treatment of enuresis
conditioning procedures
research suggests that the use of ______ may decrease the risk of developing Alzheimer's Disease
ibuprofen
mild to moderate diffuse brain damage is most likely to result in
attention deficits
which of the following would someone with amnestic syndrome not be able to do
tell you who they met 5 minutes ago
it has been suggested that the symptoms seen in autism might reflect a problem with the function of the
amygdala
evidence that culture plays a role in the development of childhood anxiety comes from the fact that
children from cultures that favor inhibition and compliance report more fears
as a camp counselor you are surprised when you hear that one of your young campers takes hormone replacement drug intransasally to treat a psychological disorder. The disorder is most likely
enuresis
the effects of head trauma on memory suggest that
the process of memory consolidation can be interrupted
dementia in HIV
might be due to the HIV virus directly attacking brain cells
which of the following is probably the most iportant factor in determining the functioning of a child who undergoes significant traumatic brain injury
competencies acquired before the injury
early onset Alzheimer's disease differs from the other late-onset form in that
the progression of the disease is more rapid
favorable outcomes following a traumatic brain injury are associated with all of the following except
being young
a bullet is most likely to cause
a penetrating head injury
A physical condition that leads to dementia is likely to reference
on both Axis 1 and Axis 3
a person who has experienced destruction of brain tissue may have widespread or limited behavioral deficits. the outcome depends opon all of the following except
whether the person is male or female
a person with neuropsychological damage
will no usually show manifest signs of psychopathology such as panic attack or delusions
how does vascular dementia differ from Ahlzeimer's disease?
accompanying mood disorders are more common
jerry had a stroke several months ago. Among the changes his family has noticed that he now blows up over little things, cries over minor problems and laughs at anything, no matter how silly. Jerry is showing
impairment of affective modulation
After the car accident, Sherry was unable to remember what happened from the time of the crash until the following morning. Sherry appears to have experience
anterograde amnesia
which of the following is not a subtype of ADHD found in the DSM-IV-TR
inattentive/impulsive type
individulas with down syndrome typically show which of the followin characteristics
they have large tongues and short fingers
a learning disability usually is identified
because a child shows a disparity between their actual academic achievement and their expected academic achievement
the incidence of Down Syndrome increase
as the age of the parents increases
children born with phenylketonuria
appear normal
the failies of children with conduct disorders typically
involve rejection and neglect
_____ are a group of severely disabling conditions in children that are considered to be the result of structural differences in the brain and usually apparent at birth or as the child begins to develop
pervasive deveopmental disorders
phenylketonuria can be used to illustrate
how nature and nurture interact
the extent of the deficits seen after brain damage are determined in part
how one is functioning before the damage occurs
Emotional dyscontrol and personality alterations are expected with
frontal lobe damage
before the accident, Bob was unemplyed and had few friends. lionel, who suffered comparable head trauma...
lionel, because he is most likely to be motivated to recover
it is important that mental health professionals have an understanding of the effects of brain damage because
brain damage can result in symptoms that look like psychological conditions
which of the following is true concerning sleepwalking disorder
takes place during non REM sleep
it is important to do a thorough physical examination, to rule out problems, before diagnosing encopresis because these children often
suffer from constipation
which of the following is most likely to be characterisitc of a physically aggressive Alzheimer's Disease patient
delusions of persecution
historically, why has little attention been paid to childhood psychopathology
childhood disorders were viewed as childhood versions of adult disorders
which of the following best explains why mood disorders are more characteristic of vascular dementia (VAD) than of Alzheimer's disease
subcortical areas are more affected in VAD
the protein called tau
caused by amyloid in the brain and is a sign that Alzheimer's disease is progressing
in order to make a diagnosis of selective mutism
the child must know the language
children with ADHD that have symptoms of hyperactivity
are usually viewed negatively by their peers because of their behaviors
Justine has the ability to speak and knows the language. However, for more than six months she has refused to speak to her teacher of any adult other than her parents. The best diagnosis for Justine is probably
selective mutism
divorce, hostility, and lack of monitoring are family characteristics most closely associated with
conduct disorder
drug treatment for autistic disorder has been found to be
of some value in reducing aggressive behaviors
which of the following is most likely to be characteristic of a physically aggressive Alzheimer's disease patient?
delusions of persecution
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
is the most frequent psychological referral to mental health facilities
the case of Phineas Gage demonstrates
the role of the brain in determining personality
the most widely known and studied learning disorder is
dyslexia
anxiety disorders of childhood
typically do not lead to problems later in life
caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease
are at extraordinarily high risk for depression
the most effective medical treatment for Tourette's syndrome is
neuroleptics such as haloperidol
a crucial aspect of developmental psychopathology is understanding individual maladaptation
in the context of normal developmental changes
ruth experienced a stroke that severly damaged her occipital lobe. We can expect that she has an impairment in her ability to
understand what she sees
what types of delusions are most commonly seen in Alzheimer's disease
delusions of persecution
in order of diagnosis, _____ occurs before antisocial personality disoder just as _____ occurs before conduct disorder
conduct disorder; ODD
What is the advantage of using Pemoline to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder instead of Ritalin
pemoline has fewer side effects
Ron works as a custodian's helper at a school, under supervision of the custodian. Ron can read and write his name, and can read first-grade books. He moves slowly and sometimes with difficulty. Ron most likely has
moderate mental retardation
which of the following is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease
giving birth to a child with Down Syndrome before age 35
Phineas Gage had a
penetrating head injury
the best avenue of research for effective treatment of Alzheimer's disease involves
prevention or treatment at the first sign of illness because lost neurons cannot be regained
children with separation anxiety disorder
fear separation from major attachment figures and worry they will die once it happens
genetic factors
are clearly involved in the more severe forms of retardation
what complicates the diagnosis of maladaptive behavior in childhood
behavior that is problematic for a child of one age is normal behavior for a child of a different age
george is in second grade and is having trouble. He frequently is out of his seat, looking at the work of other students and annoying them by making comments. He interrupts the teacher, blurts out answers before she finishes the question, and usually needs directions repeated multiple times. At home, his mother says he is always "on the go." The most likely diagnosis for George is
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
girls with conduct disorder
are at risk for teen pregnancy
all of the following are symptoms of Tourette's syndrome except
enuresis
children with autism often have additional problems such as
encopresis and sleep problems
which of the following is a possible explanation for the seeming lack of emotion in autistic children
they have a lack of social understanding
Brad has been diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The disorder began around age 12 and is characterized by disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority figures. What aspect of this case is unusual?
it is unusual for the onset of OD to ooccur at age 12
which of the following is most likely to be used in the treatment of selective mutism
family therapy
childhood anxiety disorders are associated with each of the following factors except
a deficit in conditionability to aversive stimuli
the particular disease that most commonly causes dementia is
Alzheimer's disease
which of the following is not a subtype of ADHD found in the DSM-IV-TR
degenerative brain disease
with respect to how he or she functions in relationships, an individual with mild mental retardation is most comparable to
an adolescent
what is the self-perpetuating cycle in conduct disorder
a genetic predisposition leads to a low IQ and difficult temperament, which leads to poor parenting and an insecure attachment, which leads to conduct disorder
research on the effects of parental depression
suggests that parental psychopathology leads to changes in parenting behavior that has lasting effects on children
anosognosia is an ability to
make realistic self appraisals
which of the following is not listed in the DSM-IV-TR under disorders of infancy, childhood, and adolescence
sleepwalking disorder
the cohesive model is a treatment strategy for the child with conduct disoorder that
proposes that dysfunctional interactions ahve served to maintain the child's problematic behavior
as children with ADHD become adolescents and adults
many continue to experience symptoms
what type of behavioral therapy is most likely to be used in the treatment of child with an anxiety disorder
behavior therapy that includes assertiveness training and desensitization using graded real-life situations
effective treatments for conduct disorder usually involve
parental participation
juliet is a depressed child. When she wins a prize at school for her art project, how is she likely to explain it
i got lucky
which child below best illustrates the typical child with functional encopresis
a 7 year olf boy who soils himself when under stress
the families of children with conduct disorders typically
involve rejection and neglect
the most common childhood anxiety disorder is ______
separation anxiety disorder
the evidence suggests that medications for ADHD
work well for the short term but show little long term effect
separation anxiety disorder is best illustrated by which of the following people
isabella, who worries that her father will die if she is not near him
the extremely intensive experimental behavior program designed by Ivar Lovaas for children with autism
helped almost hald of the children in the treatment program achieve normal intellectual functioning
which person is least likely to have a good recovery from moderate brain injury
Paul, who was severely depressed
which of the following statement about Alzheimer's disease is true
the specific symptoms vary considerably from patient to patient and from day to day for the same patient
Tics
are usually associated with severe behavioral problems
by definition, learning disorders
are not due to a physical defect
it has been suggested that the symptoms seen in autism might reflect a problem with the fuction of the
glutamate neurotransmitter system
throughout his young life, Quiny, age 7, rarely wakes up in the morning to a dry bed. QUincy would be diagnoosed as having
primary functional enuresis
which behavior pattern is extremely unlikely to be found in a child with conduct disorder
constant worry about minor issues
all of the following are reasons why cognitive disorders are addressed in an abnormal text except
psychological conditions can signal the onset of brain damage
the brain begins to decrease in size at age
18
among children, the most commonly diagnosed disorders are
attention deficit/hyperactivty disorder and separation anxiety disorders
the term "juvenile delinquent" is
defined by the legal system