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60 terms

Poetry Vocabulary Words

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alliteration
the beginning of two or more words in close connection with the same letter, or rather the same sound
allusion
an indirect or subtle reference to another character or work of literature
anapest
a foot with two weak stresses followed by one strong stess
apostrophe
a direct address to an absent listener or to the reader
assonance
the repetition of the same or similar vowel sounds within a passage
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
connotation
the positive or negative overtones of a word, as opposed to its denotation
consonance
the repetition of a pattern of consonants with changes in the intervening vowels
couplet
a two-line pair of rhymed iambic pentameter lines
dactyl
a foot with one strong stress followed by two weak stresses
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
diction
the choice of spoken or written language or levels of language, such as harsh or soothing, or formal, informal, or colloquial
dramatic monologue
a speech delivered to the audience or to another character, in which the speak typically reveals his or her true feelings or character
enjambment
in poetry, the running over of a line from one verse or stanza into the next without stopping at the end of the line
euphemism
the substitution of a pleasant or neutral word for an unpleasant one, such as "passing away" for "dying"
exaggeration/understatement
two complementary techniques used either to overstate a point for emphasis or downplay a point, again often for emphasis
figurative language
language that communicates meanings beyond the literal level of what is being expressed, used to create effects, emphasize ideas, and evoke emotions
foot
a group of stresses
free verse
verse that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm and rhyme, and thus achieves a rhythm more like that of everyday speech. although it lacks conventional meter, it may contain various rhythmic and sound effects such as repetition
hyperbole
the literary term for exaggeration, the overstating of something for emphasis
iamb
a foot with one weak stress, followed by one strong stress
imagery
the descriptive words and phrases a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences by referring to "concrete" objects, scenes, actions, or states
irony
refers to a contrast between apperance and actuality
dramatic irony
readers know more about a situation or a character in a story than the characters do
situational irony
a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen
verbal irony
someone states one thing and implies another meaning
lyric poem
a poem that typically stresses the speaker's innermost emotions, as opposed to his or her ideas
metaphor
an implied comparison which asserts one thing as the equivalent of another
meter
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in poetry. each unit is known as a foot, consisting of one stressed syllable and two unstressed syllables
metonymy
the substitution of a thing associated with a thing for the thing itself
octave
the first eight lines of a sonnet
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings
oxymoron
two qualities that are normally considered impossible to exist together
persona
the fictional character created by an author, not to be confused with the author himself or herself
quatrain
a stanza of four lines in a poem, or a grouping of four lines in a sonnet. sonnets are typically composed of three of these and a couplet
repetition
the appropriate reinforcement of ideas by phrasing similar ideas in similar grammatical form
rhyme
words when the sounds of their accented syllables and all succeeding sounds are identical, such as amuse and confuse
internal rhyme
rhyme within lines of poetry
end rhyme
rhymes between the last words in lines of poetry
approximate rhyme
rhymes that are close but not exact
exact rhyme
accented syllables and sounds are identical
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhyme in a poem, assigning a letter of the alphabet to each line, and starting with a
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
sestet
the last six lines in a sonnet, sometimes composed of a quatrain and a couplet
simile
a comparison between two different objects using "like" or "as"
soliloquy
an address within a dramatic piece in which a character converses with himself or herself, revealing his or her thoughts to the audience without addressing another person on stage
sonnet
14 lines of rhymed iambic pentameter, usually about love, with one of two rhyme schemes: abab cdcd efef gg or abba abba cde cde (or) abba abba cdcd ee
speaker
the person telling the poem/narrating
symbol
something that stands for, represents, or denotes something else, especially a material object taken to represent something immaterial or abstract
synecdoche
substitution of a part for the whole or the whole for a part
tone
the implied emotional attitude or point of view of a writer or speaker as conveyed by his or her diction and imagery
trochee
a foot with one strong stress followed by one weak stress
spondee
a foot with two strong stressed
personification
giving human traits to non-human objects
trimeter
a verse of three feet
tetrameter
a verse of four feet
pentameter
a verse of five feet
hexameter
a verse of six feet
heptameter
a verse of seven feet
octameter
a verse of eight feet