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the beginning of two or more words in close connection with the same letter, or rather the same sound
the choice of spoken or written language or levels of language, such as harsh or soothing, or formal, informal, or colloquial
a speech delivered to the audience or to another character, in which the speak typically reveals his or her true feelings or character
in poetry, the running over of a line from one verse or stanza into the next without stopping at the end of the line
the substitution of a pleasant or neutral word for an unpleasant one, such as "passing away" for "dying"
two complementary techniques used either to overstate a point for emphasis or downplay a point, again often for emphasis
language that communicates meanings beyond the literal level of what is being expressed, used to create effects, emphasize ideas, and evoke emotions
verse that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm and rhyme, and thus achieves a rhythm more like that of everyday speech. although it lacks conventional meter, it may contain various rhythmic and sound effects such as repetition
the descriptive words and phrases a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences by referring to "concrete" objects, scenes, actions, or states
a poem that typically stresses the speaker's innermost emotions, as opposed to his or her ideas
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in poetry. each unit is known as a foot, consisting of one stressed syllable and two unstressed syllables
the fictional character created by an author, not to be confused with the author himself or herself
a stanza of four lines in a poem, or a grouping of four lines in a sonnet. sonnets are typically composed of three of these and a couplet
the appropriate reinforcement of ideas by phrasing similar ideas in similar grammatical form
words when the sounds of their accented syllables and all succeeding sounds are identical, such as amuse and confuse
the pattern of end rhyme in a poem, assigning a letter of the alphabet to each line, and starting with a
an address within a dramatic piece in which a character converses with himself or herself, revealing his or her thoughts to the audience without addressing another person on stage
14 lines of rhymed iambic pentameter, usually about love, with one of two rhyme schemes: abab cdcd efef gg or abba abba cde cde (or) abba abba cdcd ee
something that stands for, represents, or denotes something else, especially a material object taken to represent something immaterial or abstract
the implied emotional attitude or point of view of a writer or speaker as conveyed by his or her diction and imagery
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