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Henry Ford

1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.

Assembly line

In a factory, an arrangement where a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in the making of the product.

Model T

the first widely available automobile powered by a gasoline engine

Birth of a Nation

controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by d.w. griffith. it demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the kkk.

Great Migrations

1914-1920 300,000 - 500,000
Rural South - urban north

Push factors - agricultural depression, boll weevil, kkk lynchings, disfranchisement, Jim Crow

Pull factors - war time jobs, improved social milieu, dejure vs defacto segregation

Oak Street Beach Riots

1918 Chicago Conflicts with northern Jim Crow practices defacto segregation

Harlem Renaissance

a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished

Marcus Garvey

Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business

Universal Negro Improvement Association
Pan Africanism
Economic self-improvement
Black Star Line

Mexican Immigrants

Mexican Revolution 1911-1920 219,000
1920-1931 459,000


-CA Federation Of Mexican Workers Unions (1928)
Imperial valley farm workers
Wages and working conditions
-TX LULAC middle class
Civil rights, citizenship, voter registration

Red Scare

Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.

Palmer raids

A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities

Sacco and Vanzetti Trials

a series of trials occurring in 1921 against two Italian immigrants Sacco and Vanzetti. They were convicted of murdering two men in an armed robbery in Massachusetts. They were later executed for their crimes. There is so much controversy against it because there was no proof of them killing and even if the trials were fair.

Scopes Trial (1925)

"Monkey Trial"
John Scopes and TN law
Fundamentalism creationism vs evolution Darwinism
William Jennings Bryant vs ACLU Clarence Darrow

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