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Chapter 8 Japan
Terms in this set (45)
served from 593-621 as regent of Japan. He sent scholars to China to adopt Chinese ideas that changed Japanese society, for example they adopted Confucianism. He was Buddhist and wanted to spread Buddhism so he built Buddhist temples
a group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler.
a type of Buddhism that arrived from China, Zen Buddhists believed that neither faith nor good behavior led to wisdom, but instead, people seeking wisdom should practice self-discipline and meditation or quiet thinking.
trained professional warriors
a general who ruled Japan in the emperors name
samurai code of rules that told samurai how to behave. It means, "the way of the warrior." Be brave and honorable, live simply with self-discipline, obey his lord.
Leader who unified Japan. Gave his soldiers guns that had been brought to Japan by Portuguese traders.
A powerful clan that fought another noble clan for 30 yuears. The Minamoto clan won and its leader became the most powerful man in Japan. He kept the emperor as a figurehead, and in 1912 he took over as leader and took the title shogun.
"divine wind." the great storm that drowned many Mongul soldiers during their attack on Japan. The grateful Japanese called the storm the kamikaze.
traders who brought guns to Japan for the first time.
the most important thing in a samurai's life. if a samuai did anything to lose honor, he was expected to end his life rather than live in shame.
nature spirit that lived in nature and protected the people from harm
foreigners that lived in Japan. They always fought and ended up losing their land. They were driven back onto a single island, Hokkaido.
a region on the western part of Japan's largest island, Honshu. They were a powerful clan that gained power, had a powerful army and claimed to have a glorious family history and claimed they were descendants of the sun goddess, the most powerful of all kami.
a leader after Oda. In 1603 Japan's emperor made him shogun. From his capital at Edo, he ruled all of Japan. His rise to power began the Tokugawa shogunate, or the rule by shoguns of the Tokugawa family. Early during this period, Japan continued to trade with other countries and let Christian missionaries live in Japan.
mountain on Honshu 12,388 ft.
Northern most island of Japan
Japan's largest island, where Tokyo is located
small island off of Honshu
southernmost island of Japan
gate at the entrance to a Shinto shrine. It marks the boundary of a shrine or other sacred Shinto site. Over time, the torii has become a symbol of Shinto, Japan's ancient religion.
Japanese writer. Author of The Pillow Book which was the Japanese Empress' journal. She served Japan's empress from 991-1000.
a serious form of drama, a play. They combined music, speaking and dance to tell about great heroes or figures from Japan's past.
city on Honshu, also known as Kyoto, where the emperor and empress moved in 794. It became a great center for culture and learning.
a figurehead for the powerful shogun
poor laborer who had no power
in the 1630's the ruling shogun closed Japan off from the rest of the world. They also banned guns. The limited contact with the rest of the world, and limited technology helped extend the samurai period in Japan until the 1880's
For example, loyalty and honor. These values, the central ideas of the Samurai code, remain very important in modern Japan.
served the emperor. They lived near the emperor and enjoyed lives of ease and privilege. the nobles of the Heian court loved beauty and elegance and were great supporters of the arts.
the traditional religion of Japan. According to Shinto, everything in nature has kami.
a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone. EX: Prince Shotoku helped his aunt, the empress.
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
one of the greatest writers in early Japanese history. She wrote the Tale of Genji, considered one of Japan's greatest novels. she describes court life in Japan with great detail.
Japan's large landowners
a person who appears to rule even though real power rests with someone else.
What are two ways that Japan's geography impacted how people lived?
1. because Japan has such high mountains, people could only live on the flat areas which were close to the sea. The people had to learn to live on sea food because there was not enough flat land to farm.
2. because they lived on an island they were separated from the rest of Asia. This separation allowed the Japanese to develop their own culture.
Who were the Ainu people?
The Ainu were foreigners that moved to Japan, but they were different from the Japanese. They looked different, they spoke a language unlike any language in eastern Asia. They were thought to come from Siberia. The Ainu began to fight people. They lost most of these fights and in the process lost their land. They were driven back onto a single island, Hokaido. Over time most of the Ainu gave up their language and adopted new customs. That is how they disappeared.
What was the Traditional religion of Japan?
Shinto. Shinto is the belief that everything in nature contains Kami, or nature spirits. Kami helped people live and kept them from harm. People built shrines to kami and performed ceremonies asking the kami to bless them.
What other religions became popular in Japan and why?
Confucianism became popular because the scholars brought it back from China.
Buddhism became popular because Prince Shotoku was a Buddhist and wanted to spread Buddhism so he built grand temples. Buddhism transformed into pure land Buddhism and Zen Buddhism. Zen Buddhism became popular because the Japanese, especially warriors , liked the idea that people seeking wisdom should practice self-discipline and meditation.
How did China and Korea influence Japan
Japanese learned their written language from China and Korea. Early Japanese did not have a written language so they learned to write in Chinese. They also learned religion and philosophy
What is Noh? How did it differ from previous forms of Japanese drama
Noh is a play that combines music, speaking and dance. It differed from previous forms of drama because these plays often told about great figures or heroes from Japan's past and were more serious and less exciting than the regular performing arts.
Explain the difference between Pure Land Buddhism and Zen Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhism did not require special rituals. To achieve enlightenment, practitioners chanted the name of buddha over and over.
Zen Buddhism believed that neither faith nor good behavior led to wisdom. Wisdom was gained through self-discipline and mediation.
Describe Samurai warriors. What are some characteristics of a good Samurai?
Samurai was a trained professional warrior, they defended their lords and their property. Samurai were brave, they lived simple disciplined lives, they were loyal to their lords, honor was the most important thing to samurai.
How did isolationism affect Japan?
Isolationism limited technology and helped extend the samurai period in Japan until the 1800's
What led to the emperor losing power? Who had the real power?
The emperor lost power when the leader of the Minimoto Clan took over and kept the emperor as a figurehead. Minimoto took the title of shogun and ruled in the emperors place. After he died, the title of shogun and the power passed on to one of his children. For the next 700 years, one shogun ruled Japan. = The shogun had the real power.
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