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44 terms

Developmental Psych Exam 3

STUDY
PLAY
core knowledge
theory that basic areas of knowledge are innate
contact vs no contact
support relations @ 3 mo
type of contact
support relations @ 5 mo
amount of contact
support relations @ 6.5 mo
shape of box
support relations @ 12.5 mo
6 mo
understanding intention; tennis ball vs bear
12-15 mo
attribute intentions and goals if things act human
sociocultural theories
children acquire knowledge through collaborative dialogue, adults model
vygotsky
researcher who believe children are social beings with thought as internalized speech
information processing theory
continuous development, attention/memory/exec function
executive function
ability to coordinate attention and memory, control behavior
3-5
improvement of exec function at age...
inhibition
ability to stay on task & ignore distraction
cognitive flexibility
switch focus as needed
5
age at which basic structure of language is mastered
semantic dev
begins with morphemes
syntactic dev
order of words
pragmatic dev
conversation/response
Broca's area
brain area for expressive speech
Wernicke's
brain area for meaning/reception
6-10 months
babbling age (vowel + consonate sounds)
10-15 months
age of first words
holophrasic
one word utterances
overextension
use word in broader context
fast mapping
derive meaning from hearing word once
whole object assumption
expect novel word to refer to whole object
taxonomic constraints
two objects with features in common have common name, but each object also needs individual name
pragmatic cues
novel word applies to novel object
syntactic bootstrapping
use grammatical structure of whole sentences to figure out meaning
2
telegraphic speech (two word utterances) age
2.5
multiword sentences
social cognition learning theory
learn language through imitation & operant conditioning shapes language
nativist
universal grammar-- hardwired but activated by hearing language
cognitive processing theory
theory that language learning=data crunching
primary emotions
anger sadness joy surprise fear interest disgust contentment
interest disgust contempt
birth-2 mo emotions
sadness anger joy fear surprise
2-7 mo emotions
6-7 weeks
social smiling
2-3 mo
anger/sadness
15-24 mo
embarrassment age
3 years
pride/shame age
secondary emotions
guilt shame embarrassment pride
emotional regulation
infantas turn away, self sooth, avert gaze @ 6 mo
3-5 years
age at which kids understand happy/sad events